物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (7): 1281-1289.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201405071

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

锂离子电池高比容量FeSn2-C复合负极材料的合成与性能

刘欣1, 解晶莹2, 赵海雷1,3, 吕鹏鹏1, 王可2, 丰震河2, 王梦微2   

  1. 1. 北京科技大学材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 上海空间电源研究所, 上海 200245;
    3. 新能源材料与技术北京市重点实验室, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-10 修回日期:2014-05-07 发布日期:2014-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 解晶莹, 赵海雷 E-mail:xiejingying2007@126.com;hlzhao@ustb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(21273019),国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2013CB934003),国家高技术研究发展计划(863)(2013AA050902),上海市科技人才计划项目(12XD1421900)和上海市科委科技创新项目(12dz1200503,13dz2280200)资助

Synthesis and Properties of FeSn2-C Composites as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

LIU Xin1, XIE Jing-Ying2, ZHAO Hai-Lei1,3, LÜ Peng-Peng1, WANG Ke2, FENG Zhen-He2, WANG Meng-Wei2   

  1. 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;
    2. Shanghai Institute of Space Power Sources, Shanghai 200245, P. R. China;
    3. Beijing Key Laboratory of New Energy Materials and Technology, Beijing 100083, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-02-10 Revised:2014-05-07 Published:2014-06-30
  • Contact: XIE Jing-Ying, ZHAO Hai-Lei E-mail:xiejingying2007@126.com;hlzhao@ustb.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21273019), National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2013CB934003), National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863) (2013AA050902), Shanghai Science and Technology Talent Project Funds, Chian (12XD1421900), and Shanghai Science and Technology Development Funds, China (12dz1200503, 13dz2280200).

摘要:

Sn基合金负极材料具有高达990 mAh·g-1的理论比容量,但其也存在因脱嵌锂过程发生巨大的体积变化而导致循环性能较差的问题. 本文以Sn、Fe、石墨为原料利用简易的高能球磨法成功制备了具有核壳结构的FeSn2-C复合物,系统研究了球磨时间、FeSn2相含量对材料物相结构及电化学性能的影响,并分析了电极的失效机理. 研究表明,球磨时间的增加有利于FeSn2金属间化合物相的形成及材料颗粒的细化,进而有利于材料比容量的增加及循环性能的提升;FeSn2相含量的增加能够提高FeSn2-C材料的比容量,但会降低FeSn2-C电极的循环稳定性. 经工艺优化及组分调节,球磨24 h合成的Sn20Fe10C70材料具有最优的电化学性能,材料的比容量在540 mAh·g-1左右,并能稳定循环100次,是一种非常有发展前途的锂离子电池高比容量负极材料.

关键词: FeSn2-C复合物, 相组成, 高能球磨, 负极材料, 锂离子电池

Abstract:

Tin has a theoretical specific capacity as high as 990 mAh·g-1, and is thus a potential anode material for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries. However, it suffers from a huge volume change during lithiation/delithiation process, leading to poor cycle performance. In this paper, core/shell structured FeSn2-C composites were successfully synthesized by a simple high-energy ball milling technique with Sn, Fe, and graphite powder as raw materials. The FeSn2-C composite was evaluated as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The influence of milling time and final phase composition on the microstructure and electrochemical performance of FeSn2-C composites was systematically investigated. The failure mechanism of the FeSn2-C electrode was also analyzed. The results reveal that long milling time can promote the mechanical alloying process of the FeSn2 phase and reduce the particle size of the FeSn2-C composite, which are beneficial for the increase of the specific capacity and the improvement of the cycle performance of the FeSn2-C electrode. A high FeSn2 phase content leads to a high specific capacity of the FeSn2-C composites but poor cycling stability of the electrode. The optimized Sn20Fe10C70 composite prepared by ball milling for 24 h (500 r ·min-1) shows the best electrochemical performance with a capacity about 540 mAh·g-1 for 100 cycles. The synthesized Sn20Fe10C70 composite is a promising anode material for highenergy-density lithium-ion batteries.

Key words: FeSn2-C composite, Phase composition, High-energy ball milling, Anode material, Lithium-ion battery

MSC2000: 

  • O646