物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (8): 1481-1486.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201405303

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

氨蒸发诱导法制备纳米结构LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2及其作为高功率型锂离子电池正极材料的性能

滑纬博1, 郑卓1, 李龙燕1, 郭孝东1, 刘恒2, 沈重亨3, 吴振国1,3, 钟本和1, 黄令3   

  1. 1. 四川大学化学工程学院, 教育部磷资源综合利用与清洁加工工程研究中心, 成都 610065;
    2. 四川大学材料科学与工程学院, 成都 610064;
    3. 厦门大学化学化工学院, 固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室, 福建厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-23 修回日期:2014-05-29 发布日期:2014-07-18
  • 通讯作者: 郭孝东 E-mail:xiaodong2009@scu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    四川大学青年基金(2011SCU11081)和教育部高校博士学科点科研基金(20120181120103)资助项目

Synthesis of Nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 by Ammonia-Evaporation-Induced Synthesis and Its Electrochemical Properties as a Cathode Material for a High-Power Li-Ion Battery

HUA Wei-Bo1, ZHENG Zhuo1, LI Long-Yan1, GUO Xiao-Dong1, LIU Heng2, SHEN Chong-Heng3, WU Zhen-Guo1,3, ZHONG Ben-He1, HUANG Ling3   

  1. 1. Phosphorus Resources Comprehensive Utilization & Clean Processing Center of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, P. R. China;
    2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, P. R. China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-04-23 Revised:2014-05-29 Published:2014-07-18
  • Contact: GUO Xiao-Dong E-mail:xiaodong2009@scu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the Sichuan University Funds for Young Scientists, China (2011SCU11081) and Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education, the Ministry of Education, China (20120181120103).

摘要:

采用氨蒸发诱导法成功制备出纳米结构LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2正极材料,借助X射线衍射(XRD)分析、扫描电镜(SEM)、透射电镜(TEM)、高分辨率透射电镜(HRTEM)、能量分散谱(EDS)和比表面测试等表征手段及恒电流充放电测试研究了其晶体结构、微观形貌和电化学性能. 研究表明该方法制备出的材料具有良好的α-NaFeO2层状结构,阳离子混排程度低. 纳米片交错堆积而成核桃仁状形貌,片与片之间形成许多纳米孔,而且纳米片的侧面属于{010}活性面,能够提供较多的锂离子的脱嵌通道. 在室温下及3.0-4.6 V充放电范围内,该材料在电流密度为0.5C、1C、3C、5C和10C时放电比容量分别为172.90、153.95、147.09、142.16 和131.23mAh·g-1. 说明其具有优异的电化学性能,非常有潜力用于动力汽车等高功率密度锂离子电池中.

关键词: 锂离子电池, 正极材料, LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2, 纳米结构, 氨蒸发诱导法, 电化学性能

Abstract:

We report on an ammonia-evaporation-induced synthetic method for nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode material. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high- resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy- dispersive X- ray spectroscopy (EDS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller nitrogen sorption, and galvanostatic charge-discharge tests were applied to analyze the crystal structure, micromorphology, and electrochemical properties of nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2. The results show that it has a well-ordered layered α-NaFeO2 with little cation mixing. Awalnutkernel- like morphology is formed by nanosheets, leading to a nanoporous material. The lateral plane of nanosheets are {010}-faceted, which could provide multiple channels for Li+-ion migration. The electrochemical properties of the lithium cells used this material as cathode are excellent: the specific discharge capacity at 0.5C,1C, 3C, 5C and 10C is, respectively, up to 172.90, 153.95, 147.09, 142.16, and 131.23 mAh·g-1 between 3.0 and 4.6 V at room temperature. These excellent features will make the nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 become a positive electrode material of potential interest for useful applications, such as in electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles.

Key words: Lithium-ion battery, Cathode material, LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2, Nanostructure, Ammonia-evaporation-induced synthetic method, Electrochemical property

MSC2000: 

  • O646