物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (8): 1393-1407.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201406171

综述 上一篇    下一篇

碱性固体燃料电池碱性聚合物电解质膜的最新研究进展

侯宏英   

  1. 昆明理工大学材料科学与工程学院, 昆明 650093
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-21 修回日期:2014-06-16 发布日期:2014-07-18
  • 通讯作者: 侯宏英 E-mail:hhy@dicp.ac.cn,hongyinghou@kmust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51363011),第46批教育部留学归国基金(6488-20130039),云南省2012年高层次引进人才经费(10978125),云南省人才培养基金(1418425)和重点学科项目(14078232)资助项目

Recent Research Progress in Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Alkaline Solid Fuel Cells

HOU Hong-Ying   

  1. Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-04-21 Revised:2014-06-16 Published:2014-07-18
  • Contact: HOU Hong-Ying E-mail:hhy@dicp.ac.cn,hongyinghou@kmust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51363011), the 46th Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Education, China (6488-20130039), Programof High-level Introduced Talent of Yunnan Province in 2012, China (10978125), and Yunnan Project of Training Talent, China (1418425) and Project of Key Discipline, China (14078232).

摘要:

最近,碱性聚合物电解质膜燃料电池(APEMFC)因具有电极反应动力学快以及不依赖于贵金属铂催化剂等诸多优点而成为一个热门话题. 作为其中一个关键部件,碱性聚合物电解质膜直接影响燃料电池的性能和成本.然而,迄今为止,仍然没有令人满意的碱性电解质膜材料. 为此,大量研究被开展和报道. 本文综述了近三年内文献中关于燃料电池碱性聚合物电解质膜的最新研究进展:包括各种各样的合成策略,构效关系,水管理以及非原位或原位稳定性测试等等. 尤其是一些新的金属离子基阴离子交换膜和冠醚基阴离子交换膜首次被提及和评论.此外,还进一步预测了将来的发展趋势.

关键词: 碱性固体燃料电池, 碱性聚合物电解质膜, 阴离子交换膜, 复合膜, 非铂催化剂

Abstract:

Alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (APEMFC) has received much recent attention, primarily motivated by their fast dynamics and independence on expensive Pt-based electrocatalysts. As one of vital components of APEMFC, the alkaline polymer membrane directly influences their performance and cost. However, to date, no alkaline membrane has provided a satisfactory benchmark for use in APEMFC. Therefore, intensive efforts have been made to pursue desirable polymer membrane materials. In this article, the research progress over the last 3 years on state-of-the-art alkaline polymer electrolyte membranes for APEMFC is reviewed, including various synthesis strategies, structure-property relationships, water management, and ex situ and in situ stability tests. More specifically, some new metal- cation- based anion exchange membranes, such as ruthenium-complex-based and crown-ether-based anion exchange membranes, are commented on for the first time. Furthermore, future development prospects are also predicted.

Key words: Alkaline solid fuel cell, Alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane, Anion exchange membrane, Composite membrane, Non-Pt catalyst

MSC2000: 

  • O646