物理化学学报 >> 2015, Vol. 31 >> Issue (3): 419-424.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201501222

热力学,动力学和结构化学 上一篇    下一篇

吡啶离子液体[BPy][BF4]与乙腈混合体系中杜醌的光化学反应动力学

朱光来1, 王玉1, 张良伟1, 刘艳成2, 吴国忠2   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学原子与分子物理研究所, 安徽 芜湖 241000;
    2. 中国科学院上海应用物理研究所, 上海 201800
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-19 修回日期:2015-01-22 发布日期:2015-03-06
  • 通讯作者: 朱光来, 吴国忠 E-mail:zhglai@mail.ahnu.edu.cn;wuguozhong@sinap.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(21173002)和安徽省自然科学基金(1308085MB20)资助项目

Photochemical Reaction Kinetics of Duroquinone in a Mixture of Ionic Liquid [BPy][BF4] and Acetonitrile

ZHU Guang-Lai1, WANG Yu1, ZHANG Liang-Wei1, LIU Yan-Cheng2, WU Guo-Zhong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui Province, P. R. China;
    2. Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-11-19 Revised:2015-01-22 Published:2015-03-06
  • Contact: ZHU Guang-Lai, WU Guo-Zhong E-mail:zhglai@mail.ahnu.edu.cn;wuguozhong@sinap.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21173002) and Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province, China (1308085MB20).

摘要:

用激光闪光光解方法研究了杜醌(DQ)在吡啶型离子液体N-丁基吡啶四氟硼酸盐([BPy][BF4])与乙腈(MeCN)组成的共混溶剂中的光化学反应机理与动力学. 实验结果表明, 离子液体[BPy][BF4]对混合体系中杜醌激发三线态(3DQ*)的瞬态吸收峰位置和吸光度大小都没有产生明显影响. 在N2饱和条件下, 无论是在乙腈溶液中还是在[BPy][BF4]/MeCN混合溶液中3DQ*的衰减都遵循一级反应动力学规律. 而[BPy][BF4]的存在对3DQ*与三乙胺(TEA)之间的电子转移影响显著. 随着[BPy][BF4]/MeCN 体系中离子液体比例的增加, 杜醌三线态3DQ*与TEA间的瞬态反应机理没有改变, 但它们之间的光诱导电子转移反应速率和生成自由基的量子产额逐渐降低, 通过改变离子液体的比例可以调节该体系中光诱导电子转移反应的速率和效率.

关键词: N-丁基吡啶四氟硼酸盐, 离子液体, 杜醌, 瞬态吸收光谱, 光诱导电子转移

Abstract:

Photochemical reactions of duroquinone (DQ) in solutions consisting of mixtures of the ionic liquid N-butylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate ([BPy][BF4]) and acetonitrile (MeCN) were studied using the 355 nm laser flash photolysis technique. Increasing the ratio of [BPy][BF4] had no obvious impact on the absorption peak of the triplet excited state of DQ (3DQ*), which followed monoexponential kinetics in the N2-saturated solution. However, increasing the ratio of [BPy] [BF4] did affect the photoinduced electron transfer process from triethylamine to 3DQ* in the mixture by decreasing the reaction rate and the quantum yield of the transient radical. The results highlight the ability to tune the efficiency and the rate of the photoinduced electron transfer by changing the proportion of [BPy][BF4] in the mixture.

Key words: N-butylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate, Ionic liquid, Duroquinone, Transient absorption spectroscopy, Photoinduced electron transfer

MSC2000: 

  • O644