物理化学学报 >> 2015, Vol. 31 >> Issue (9): 1633-1646.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201507281

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介孔硅材料及其负载型催化剂去除挥发性有机物的最新进展

张晓东1,*(),王吟1,杨一琼1,陈丹2,*()   

  1. 1 上海理工大学环境与建筑学院环境与低碳科学研究中心,上海200093
    2 扬州大学环境科学与工程学院,江苏扬州225127
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-27 发布日期:2015-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 张晓东,陈丹 E-mail:fatzhxd@126.com;chendan@yzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21507086, 21507109);上海市青年科技英才扬帆计划(14YF1409900);上海高校青年教师资助计划(ZZSLG14014);沪江基金研究基地专项(B14003, D14004);江苏省高校自然科学研究面上项目(15KJB610016);工业生态与环境工程教育部重点实验室开放基金(KLIEEE-14-08)

Recent Progress in the Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds by Mesoporous Silica Materials and Supported Catalysts

Xiao-Dong. ZHANG1,*(),Yin. WANG1,Yi-Qiong. YANG1,Dan. CHEN2,*()   

  1. 1 Environment and Low-Carbon Research Center, School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, P. R. China
    2 College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2015-04-27 Published:2015-09-06
  • Contact: Xiao-Dong. ZHANG,Dan. CHEN E-mail:fatzhxd@126.com;chendan@yzu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21507086, 21507109);Shanghai Sailing Program, China(14YF1409900);Shanghai University Young Teacher Program, China(ZZSLG14014);Hujiang Foundation Research Base Program, China(B14003, D14004);Natural Science Fund for Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province, China(15KJB610016);Open Foundation of Key Laboratoryof Industrial Ecology, China(KLIEEE-14-08)

摘要:

介孔硅材料由于具有大的比表面积,均一的孔结构和大的孔径,常被用于分离、吸附和催化等领域.本文综述了近年来国内外介孔硅材料及其负载型催化剂去除各类挥发性有机物(VOCs)的研究进展,主要包括烃类、甲醇、甲醛、丙酮、苯、甲苯、萘、乙酸乙酯等.讨论了介孔硅材料的结构对VOCs吸附过程的影响;介绍了不同催化剂消除各类VOCs的催化性能及反应机理,并重点评述了甲苯在不同催化剂上的研究进展.分析结果表明,介孔硅材料的表面环境、孔道结构以及宏观形貌是影响VOCs分子在介孔硅材料上吸附的主要因素;贵金属催化剂的应用需要提高其抗中毒性以及降低成本;过渡金属的研究应着重于研发高活性的负载型过渡金属复合氧化物催化剂.最后对国内外介孔硅材料及其负载型催化剂的发展进行了展望,今后催化剂的设计可以从“氧化硅载体”和“介孔孔道”两个方面展开,这将为设计合适的催化剂处理各类VOCs污染物提供一定参考.

关键词: 介孔硅材料, 负载型催化剂, 挥发性有机物, 吸附, 催化氧化, 贵金属, 非贵金属

Abstract:

Mesoporous silica materials have attracted much attention because of their large surface area, uniform pore-size distribution, large pore size, and wide potential applications in the fields of separation, adsorption, and catalysis. The progress in the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs, mainly containing hydrocarbons, methanol, formaldehyde, acetone, benzene, toluene, naphthalene, and ethyl acetate) by mesoporous silica materials and supported catalysts in recent years is reviewed. The effect of the structure of mesoporous silica materials on the adsorption of VOCs is discussed. We also discuss the catalytic performance and reaction mechanism for catalytic VOC oxidation over supported catalysts. The recent developments in catalytic combustion of toluene are examined in detail. We found that the surface environment, pore structure, and morphology of mesoporous silica materials are the main factors influencing adsorption of VOC molecules. The application of noble metal catalyst focuses on improving poison resistance and reducing cost. The research on non-noble metal catalysts focuses on developing supported mixed-metal oxide catalysts with high activity. Future developments of mesoporous silica materials and supported catalysts are highlighted. The design of the catalyst can be carried out from two aspects: the silica support and the mesoporous channel. This review will be helpful in choosing an appropriate catalyst for the removal of VOCs with high activity and stability.

Key words: Mesoporous silica material, Supported catalyst, Volatile organic compound, Adsorption, C atalytic oxidation, Noble metal, Non-noble metal

MSC2000: 

  • O643