物理化学学报 >> 2015, Vol. 31 >> Issue (11): 2117-2123.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201509181

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

一步法制备还原态氧化石墨烯载铂纳米粒子及其对甲醇氧化的电催化性能

高海丽1,2,*(),李小龙1,贺威1,国瑞婷1,柴博1   

  1. 1 郑州轻工业学院材料与化学工程学院,郑州450001
    2 郑州轻工业学院,河南省表界面科学重点实验室,郑州450001
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-08 发布日期:2015-11-13
  • 通讯作者: 高海丽 E-mail:gaohaili@zzuli.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(U1404201);全国大学生创新创业训练计划(201310462099);郑州轻工业学院青年骨干教师培养计划(2013XGGJS007);河南省教育厅重点项目(13A530362);郑州轻工业学院博士基金(2011BSJJ020)

One-Step Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide supported Pt Nanoparticles and Its Electrocatalytic Activity for Methanol Oxidation

Hai-Li. GAO1,2,*(),Xiao-Long. LI1,Wei. HE1,Rui-Ting. GUO1,Bo. CHAI1   

  1. 1 Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450001, P. R. China
    2 Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Surface Interface Science, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450001, P. R. China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Published:2015-11-13
  • Contact: Hai-Li. GAO E-mail:gaohaili@zzuli.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1404201);National Training Programs of Innovation andEntrepreneurship for Undergraduates(201310462099);Foundation for Young Core Teacher by Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, China(2013XGGJS007);Research Foundation of Education Bureau of Henan Province, China(13A530362);Doctoral Foundation of ZhengzhouUniversity of Light Industry, China(2011BSJJ020)

摘要:

以天然石墨为原料,采用改进的Hummers法制备氧化石墨.然后采用简单的一步化学还原法在乙二醇(EG)中同时还原氧化石墨烯(GO)和H2PtCl6制备高分散的铂/还原态氧化石墨烯(Pt/RGO)催化剂.采用傅里叶变换红外(FTIR)光谱、X射线衍射(XRD)和透射电子显微镜(TEM)对催化剂的微结构、组成和形貌进行表征.结果表明, GO已被还原成RGO, Pt纳米粒子均匀分散在RGO表面,粒径约为2.3 nm.采用循环伏安法和计时电流法评价催化剂对甲醇氧化的电催化性能,测试结果表明, Pt/RGO催化剂对甲醇氧化的电催化活性和稳定性与Pt/C和Pt/CNT相比有了很大提高.另外其对甲醇电催化氧化的循环伏安图中正扫峰电流密度(If)和反扫峰电流密度(Ib)的比值高达1.3,分别是Pt/C和Pt/CNT催化剂的2.2和1.9倍,表明Pt/RGO催化剂具有高的抗甲醇氧化中间体COad的中毒能力.

关键词: Pt纳米粒子, 石墨烯, 化学还原, 甲醇氧化, 抗中毒能力

Abstract:

In this study, graphite oxide was prepared from natural graphite powder using a modified Hummers method. Well-dispersed Pt nanoparticles were synthesized on reduced graphene oxide (RGO) via a simple one-step chemical reduction method in ethylene glycol (EG) by simultaneous reduction of graphene oxide (GO) and chloroplatinic acid. The microstructure, composition, and morphology of the synthesized materials were characterized with Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is shown that the GO was reduced to RGO, and the Pt nanoparticles with an average particle size of 2.3 nm were well dispersed on the surface of RGO. The catalytic performance of the catalysts for methanol oxidation was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and amperometric method, which indicated that Pt/RGO catalyst had higher electrocatalytic activity and stability for the oxidation of methanol than the Pt/C and Pt/CNT catalysts. The If/Ib of Pt/RGO reached 1.3, which was 2.2 and 1.9 times as high as those of Pt/C and Pt/CNT catalysts, respectively, revealing that Pt/RGO had high poisoning tolerance to the COad intermediate species produced in the methanol oxidation reaction.

Key words: Pt nanoparticle, Graphene, Chemical reduction, Methanol oxidation, Poisoning tolerance

MSC2000: 

  • O646