物理化学学报 >> 2016, Vol. 32 >> Issue (3): 737-744.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201512184

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TiO2-HNbMoO6复合材料的结构特征及其光催化性能

胡丽芳1,2,何杰1,*(),刘媛1,赵芸蕾1,陈凯1   

  1. 1 安徽理工大学化学工程学院, 安徽淮南 232001
    2 安徽理工大学地球与环境学院, 安徽淮南 232001
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-09 发布日期:2016-03-04
  • 通讯作者: 何杰 E-mail:jhe@aust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21271008);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(AH201410361062)

Structural Features and Photocatalytic Performance of TiO2-HNbMoO6 Composite

Li-Fang HU1,2,Jie HE1,*(),Yuan LIU1,Yun-Lei ZHAO1,Kai CHEN1   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui Province P. R. China
    2 School of Earth and Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui Province P. R. China
  • Received:2015-11-09 Published:2016-03-04
  • Contact: Jie HE E-mail:jhe@aust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21271008);National Training Programs of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates, China(AH201410361062)

摘要:

通过插层-柱撑的方法制备了新型的复合材料TiO2-HNbMoO6。采用粉末X射线衍射(XRD)、高分辨透射电子显微镜(HRTEM)、激光拉曼光谱(LRS)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)、紫外-可见漫反射光谱(UV-VisDRS)及H2程序升温还原(H2-TPR)等技术对样品的相结构和它的微结构、骨架特征及光谱响应特性以及分散相粒子与片层间的相互作用进行表征,利用N2吸附-脱附法对样品的比表面积进行了表征,并通过模拟太阳光降解有机染料亚甲基蓝(MB)溶液考察复合材料的光催化活性。结果表明, HNbMoO6与TiO2复合后样品层间距增大,但无TiO2晶相生成,主体材料中的Nb―O键和客体材料中的Ti―O键复合前后发生明显变化等,证明了TiO2在HNbMoO6层间高度分散,并呈现明显的相互作用。复合后样品比表面积是本体材料的4倍有余,禁带宽度变窄,它在吸附和模拟太阳光照射下催化降解MB中的优越的活性都是主客体间明显的协同效应的结果。

关键词: HNbMoO6, TiO2, 复合物结构, 光催化, 协同效应

Abstract:

A novel composite material TiO2-HNbMoO6 was prepared by an intercalation-pillar route. The phase and its microstructure, skeleton feature, spectral-response characteristics, and the interaction between interlayer species and nanosheets were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), laser Raman spectroscopy (LRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), and H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR). The specific surface areas of the samples were measured by N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The synergistic effect between the host and the guest of the composites was evaluated by the degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye under simulated sunlight. The results, such as the increase of the d-spacing, the absence of TiO2 crystalline phase, and the change of the Nb―O bond in the main body and the Ti―O bond in TiO2 before and after composition, demonstrate that TiO2 is uniformly dispersed in the interlayer of HNbMoO6, indicating the interaction between the host laminates and the guest titanium oxide species. The specific surface area of the composite was four times that of its host material, the narrowing band gap, the better adsorption ability, and the superior photocatalytic activity of TiO2-HNbMoO6 were because of the synergistic effect between the host and the guest.

Key words: HNbMoO6, TiO2, Composite structure, Photocatalysis, Synergistic effect

MSC2000: 

  • O649