物理化学学报 >> 2016, Vol. 32 >> Issue (4): 929-934.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201601221

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内嵌金属富勒烯Sc2S@C86的结构和性质

刘学森,雷丹,甘利华*()   

  • 收稿日期:2015-11-10 发布日期:2016-04-07
  • 通讯作者: 甘利华 E-mail:ganlh@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51272216);中央高校基金(XDJK2014B032)

Structures and Properties of Endohedral Metallofullerene Sc2S@C86

Xue-Sen LIU,Dan LEI,Li-Hua GAN*()   

  • Received:2015-11-10 Published:2016-04-07
  • Contact: Li-Hua GAN E-mail:ganlh@swu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51272216);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China(XDJK2014B032)

摘要:

金属硫化物富勒烯是一类结构新奇的化合物,阐释其结构和性质是当前的重要研究任务。本文采用密度泛函理论(DFT)方法,系统研究了质谱实验已经检测到的内嵌金属富勒烯Sc2S@C86的结构和性质。结果显示,能量最低的异构体是Sc2S@C86:63751(独立五元环规则(IPR)-9),该碳笼与已报道的Sc2C2@C86的碳笼一样;其次是non-IPR Sc2S@C86:63376。自然键轨道(NBO)和分子中原子理论(AIM)分析显示,内嵌团簇与碳笼间存在电荷转移相互作用和共价作用。温度效应计算显示,高温时Sc2S@C86是多个异构体共存的。为了对将来实验结构测定提供参考,本文提供了能量最低的两个异构体的红外光谱图。

关键词: 金属富勒烯, 结构, 性质, 电荷转移, 密度泛函理论

Abstract:

Metallic sulfide fullerenes are compounds with novel structures. Currently, it is an important task to clarify the structures and properties of metallic sulfide fullerenes. Asystematic study is performed on Sc2S@C86 by the density functional theory (DFT) method. The calculated results show that the lowest-energy isomer is IPR-satisfying Sc2S@C86:63751 (the 9th isomer of C86 in the isolated pentagon rule (IPR)-only sequence), sharing the same cage with Sc2C2@C86. The second lowest energy isomer is not an isolated-pentagon-rule (non-IPR) Sc2S@C86:63376. Natural bond orbit (NBO) and theory of atoms in molecules (AIM) analyses show that there are charge transfer and covalent interactions between the encaged cluster and parent cage. The effect of temperature on the concentration is evaluated and the results show that several isomers of Sc2S@C86 may coexist at the high temperature conditions used for producing metallofullerenes. The IR spectra of the two lowest energy isomers are provided to help experimentally identify the structure of Sc2S@C86 in the future.

Key words: Metallofullerene, Structure, Property, Charge transfer, Density functional theory

MSC2000: 

  • O641