物理化学学报 >> 2016, Vol. 32 >> Issue (5): 1056-1061.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201603092

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锆掺杂以提升LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2正极材料的高温电化学性能

杨祖光1,2,滑纬博1,张军2,陈九华2,何凤荣2,钟本和1,郭孝东1,3,*()   

  1. 1 四川大学化学工程学院,教育部磷资源综合利用与清洁加工工程研究中心,成都610065
    2 东莞东阳光科研发有限公司,广东东莞523871
    3 伍伦贡大学超导与电子材料研究所,伍伦贡2522,澳大利亚
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-28 发布日期:2016-05-07
  • 通讯作者: 郭孝东 E-mail:xiaodong2009@scu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21506133);四川省科技支撑计划(2014GZ0077)

Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Cathode Materials at Elevated Temperature by Zr Doping

Zu-Guang YANG1,2,Wei-Bo HUA1,Jun ZHANG2,Jiu-Hua CHEN2,Feng-Rong HE2,Ben-He ZHONG1,Xiao-Dong GUO1,3,*()   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, P. R. China
    2 Dongguan Hec Technology Research Corporation, Dongguan 523871, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
    3 Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia
  • Received:2015-12-28 Published:2016-05-07
  • Contact: Xiao-Dong GUO E-mail:xiaodong2009@scu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21506133); (2014GZ0077)

摘要:

为解决LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2正极材料在高温下循环性能差的问题,本文通过固相法对材料进行锆掺杂改性,研究了不同掺杂量对LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2晶体结构和电化学性能的影响。研究表明,当锆掺杂量为1% (x)时,可以降低LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2结构中的Li+/Ni2+离子混排,有助于材料电化学性能的提高,尤其是高温循环性能。在25 ℃、3.0-4.3 V下, Li(Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3)0.99Zr0.01O2在1C循环95次后容量保持率为92.13%,优于未掺杂样品(87.61%)。在55 ℃下, Li(Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3)0.99Zr0.01O2在1C循环115次后容量保持率仍有82.96%,远高于未掺杂样品(67.63%)。因此,少量锆掺杂对提升LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2的高温循环性能有积极作用。

关键词: 锂离子电池, 正极材料, LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2, 锆掺杂, 高温循环性能

Abstract:

In order to ameliorate the severe capacity fading of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 cathode materials at elevated temperatures, a Zr-doping strategy was performed via a solid-state method, and the influence of the doping content on the structural and electrochemical properties of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 was studied. The results indicate that the Li+/Ni2+ cation mixing can be reduced and the electrochemical performance, especially the hightemperature cycling performance, can be improved when the doping content of zirconium is 0.01. After 95 cycles, the capacity retention of Li(Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3)0.99Zr0.01O2 is 92.13% at 1C between 3.0 and 4.3 V, which is higher than that of the LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (87.61%). When cycling at 55 ℃, Li(Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3)0.99Zr0.01O2 exhibits a capacity retention of 82.96% after 115 cycles at 1C, while that of the bare sample remains at only 67.63%. Therefore, a small amount of zirconium doping is notably beneficial to the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 at elevated temperatures.

Key words: Lithium-ion battery, Cathode material, LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2, Zr-doping, High-temperature cycle performance

MSC2000: 

  • O646