物理化学学报 >> 2016, Vol. 32 >> Issue (6): 1460-1466.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201605101

论文 上一篇    下一篇

阴极Pt负载量和背压对PEMFC性能的协同影响规律

孟优权1,王超1,张卿雷1,沈水云1,朱凤鹃1,杨宏2,章俊良1,*()   

  1. 1 上海交通大学燃料电池研究所,上海200240
    2 Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-24 发布日期:2016-06-03
  • 通讯作者: 章俊良 E-mail:junliang.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21373135, 21533005);中国教育部科学基金(413064)

The Effects of Cathode Platinum Loading and Operating Backpressure on PEMFC Performance

You-Quan MENG1,Chao WANG1,Qing-Lei ZHANG1,Shui-Yun SHEN1,Feng-Juan ZHU1,Hong YANG2,Jun-Liang ZHANG1,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Fuel Cells, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P.R.China
    2 Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
  • Received:2016-03-24 Published:2016-06-03
  • Contact: Jun-Liang ZHANG E-mail:junliang.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21373135, 21533005);Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China(413064)

摘要:

结合静态模型计算和实验测试,从活化过电势、欧姆损失和浓差过电势三个方面量化分析了阴极Pt负载量和背压协同对质子膜燃料电池(PEMFC)性能的影响规律。考察了阴极Pt负载量为0.1、0.2、0.4mg·cm-2,背压为100、150、200kPa条件下的燃料电池性能。通过比较发现,在上述条件任意组合下,随着电流密度增加,活化过电势、欧姆损失和浓差过电势逐渐加大,直接影响燃料电池性能;但在相同背压条件下,随着电流密度增加,低Pt负载量时的浓差过电势比高Pt负载量时增加得更快;同时发现,背压增加对提高燃料电池的性能有帮助,但背压增加对低Pt负载量比对高Pt负载量效果更明显。因此对于低Pt燃料电池,应适当提高运行背压以优化其性能。本文对上述实验结果的产生机理进行了探讨,并期望该结果能对低Pt/超低Pt燃料电池的设计及性能优化提供参考与借鉴。

关键词: 质子交换膜燃料电池, 阴极Pt负载量, 背压, 极化曲线, 过电势

Abstract:

By combining theoretical calculations with experimental data,this study quantified the effects of both cathode Pt loading and operating backpressure on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) performance,in terms of the kinetic,ohmic and transport losses.Pt loadings of 0.1,0.2 and 0.4 mg·cm-2 were investigated at backpressure values of 100,150 and 200 kPa,respectively.The results indicate that,under all conditions,the kinetic,ohmic and transport losses all increased with the increase in current density.However, under the equivalent backpressure the transport loss of a PEMFC decreased with the increase of Pt loading.It was also found that increasing the operating backpressure improved the cell performance,and this enhancement in performance was more pronounced at a lower Pt loading.This result indicates an appropriate increase in operating backpressure should benefit the performance of a low-Pt loading PEMFC.Finally,the mechanism responsible for the observed phenomena was discussed.This study is expected to be helpful in the design and performance optimization of PEMFCs with low or ultra-low Pt loadings.

Key words: PEMFC, Cathode Pt loading, Backpressure, Polarization curve, Overpotential

MSC2000: 

  • O646