物理化学学报 >> 2016, Vol. 32 >> Issue (7): 1829-1838.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201605191

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硼和铟掺杂对Fe81Ga19快淬薄带的微结构、磁致伸缩性能及磁性的影响

曹梦雄1,刘昊1,王海欧1,2,张运1,谭伟石1,*(),时阳光3   

  1. 1 南京理工大学理学院应用物理系,软化学与功能材料教育部重点实验室,南京210094
    2 杭州电子科技大学材料物理研究所,杭州310018
    3 南京航空航天大学理学院应用物理系,南京210093
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-12 发布日期:2016-07-08
  • 通讯作者: 谭伟石 E-mail:tanweishi@njust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(11079022);国家自然科学基金(U1332106);江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新项目(CXLX13_179)

Effects of B-and In-Doping on Microstructures, Magnetostriction and Magnetic Properties of Melt-Spun Fe81Ga19 Ribbons

Meng-Xiong CAO1,Hao LIU1,Hai-Ou WANG1,2,Yun ZHANG1,Wei-Shi TAN1,*(),Yang-Guang SHI3   

  1. 1 Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Soft Chemistry and Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210094, P. R. China
    2 Institute of Materials Physics, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, P. R. China
    3 Department of Applied Physics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
  • Received:2016-04-12 Published:2016-07-08
  • Contact: Wei-Shi TAN E-mail:tanweishi@njust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(11079022);National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1332106);Scientific Research Innovation Projects of Jiangsu Province for University Graduate Students, China(CXLX13_179)

摘要:

通过甩带快淬法制备三元合金(Fe0.81Ga0.19100-xBx (Fe-Ga-B)和(Fe0.81Ga0.19100-xInx (Fe-Ga-In)薄带样品,并对Fe-Ga-B合金样品进行热处理。通过高分辨X射线衍射(HRXRD)和扩展X射线吸收精细结构谱(EXAFS)技术表征薄带的微观结构,利用振动样品磁强计和标准电阻应变仪测量了样品的磁性及饱和磁致伸缩系数。研究表明,有序的L12相降低了(Fe0.81Ga0.1998B2样品的磁致伸缩系数。B原子添加形成的Fe2B相和modified-DO3相有利于提高Fe-Ga合金的磁致伸缩系数。但Fe2B相的饱和磁化强度小于A2相,饱和磁场却远大于A2相,因此随着B含量的增加,Fe-Ga-B薄带的饱和磁化强度逐渐减小,矫顽力逐渐增加。合金中形成的非磁性富In相使得In掺杂Fe-Ga-In合金的磁致伸缩系数和饱和磁化强度均减小。非磁性富In相使晶格产生畸变,减弱了磁弹性效应,并且抑制了磁畴的运动,从而明显地减小了Fe-Ga带材样品的磁致伸缩系数以及饱和磁化强度,提高了Fe-Ga合金的矫顽力。

关键词: Fe-Ga合金, 磁致伸缩, Fe2B相, 富In相, EXAFS

Abstract:

Two series of (Fe0.81Ga0.19)100-xBx (Fe-Ga-B) and (Fe0.81Ga0.19)100-xInx (Fe-Ga-In) ribbons were successfully prepared with melt spinning method. Thermal treatments were afterwards conducted out on these Fe-Ga-B ribbons. The sample microstructures of the alloys were examined by high resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The magnetic properties were measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) at room temperature. The magnetostriction constant, measured by resistance strain gauge method, of the melt-spun (Fe0.81Ga0.19)98B2 ribbon decreased sharply due to the L12 phase. Both the Fe2B and modified-DO3 phases played a positive role in increasing the magnetostriction constant of the Fe-Ga alloys. The Fe2B phase presented a lower saturation magnetization and a larger saturation field. As the B composition increased, the saturation magnetization of the ribbons decreased and the coercivity intensified. For the Fe-Ga-In ribbons, the non-magnetic In-rich phase was formed, leading to their lattices distortion and, hence, the magnetoelastic effect was weakened. The non-magnetic In-rich phase could suppress the movements of the magnetic domain and domain wall. Therefore, In-doping decreased the saturation magnetostriction and saturation magnetization of the Fe-Ga alloy. In-doping could also increase the coercivity of the Fe-Ga alloy. The addition of B and In changed the microstructures of the Fe-Ga alloys and accordingly their magnetic properties and magnetostriction.

Key words: Fe-Ga alloy, Magnetostriction, Fe2B phase, In-rich phase, EXAFS

MSC2000: 

  • O646