物理化学学报 >> 2017, Vol. 33 >> Issue (7): 1379-1389.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201704182

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无机非铅钙钛矿太阳能电池研究进展

顾津宇1,2,齐朋伟1,2,彭扬1,2,*()   

  1. 1 苏州大学能源与材料创新研究院,物理光电能源学部,纳米科学与技术协同创新中心,江苏苏州215006
    2 苏州大学,江苏省先进碳材料与可穿戴能源重点实验室,江苏苏州215006
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-15 发布日期:2017-05-31
  • 通讯作者: 彭扬 E-mail:ypeng@suda.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:顾津宇,生于1994年,2015年毕业于苏州大学物理与光电能源学部,获得学士学位。2015年至今于苏州大学物理光电能源学部攻读硕士学位。主要研究方向为钙钛矿太阳能电池以及光电转换|齐朋伟,生于1990年。2013?2016年在郑州大学化学与分子工程学院毕业,获得无机化学硕士学位。现为苏州大学物理与光电能源学部博士。主要从事二维范德华异质结的构建及其在光电能源转化方面的应用研究|彭扬,苏州大学物理与光电能源学部,教授,博士生导师,中组部青年千人。目前主要研究方向:太阳能转换以及光电催化;新型无机-有机复合材料的设计、合成及功能开发;金属有机框架多孔材料用于能源相关小分子的活化、能源储存及转化
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省自然科学基金(BK20160323)

Progress on the Development of Inorganic Lead-Free Perovskite Solar Cells

Jin-Yu GU1,2,Peng-Wei QI1,2,Yang PENG1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials Innovations, College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy & Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
    2 Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2016-12-15 Published:2017-05-31
  • Contact: Yang PENG E-mail:ypeng@suda.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China(BK20160323)

摘要:

钙钛矿太阳能电池因其光吸收效率高、载流子寿命长、晶格缺陷容忍度高、能带可调等优点得到迅速发展,在短短几年内其太阳能转化效率已经达到22.1%。然而,在人们看到钙钛矿太阳能电池广阔发展前景的同时,其铅毒性和不稳定性严重限制了它的应用推广。无机非铅钙钛矿太阳能电池(ABX3、A2BB'X6等)利用Sn、Ge、Bi、Ag等金属取代铅,以Cs、Rb等取代甲胺有希望解决目前钙钛矿太阳能电池的毒性和稳定性问题。本文主要对近几年无机非铅钙钛矿太阳能电池的研究现状做一个分析总结,并对其发展前景进行展望。

关键词: 钙钛矿材料, 太阳能电池, 低毒性, 高稳定性, 光电转换

Abstract:

Perovskite solar cells have undergone rapid development because of their high solar absorption efficiencies, long carrier lifetime and diffusion length, high tolerance to lattice defects, and tunable bandgaps. In the past few years, the solar energy conversion efficiency of the perovskite solar cells has increased to 22.1%. However, despite their promising prospects, as demonstrated by the laboratory-fabricated prototypes, lead toxicity and instability of perovskite solar cells severely impeded their industrialization and applications. Recently, inorganic lead-free perovskite solar cells (such as ABX3 and A2BB'X6), which use Sn, Ge, Bi, Ag, and other metals as replacements for Pb, and Cs and Rb as replacements for methylamine, have been pursued as potential solutions for the toxicity and stability issues. This review highlights the recent research efforts in the development of inorganic lead-free perovskite solar cells and provides a perspective on future developments.

Key words: Perovskite materials, Solar cell, Nontoxicity, High stability, Photovoltaic conversion

MSC2000: 

  • O649