物理化学学报 >> 2017, Vol. 33 >> Issue (9): 1730-1751.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201705042

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卤化钙钛矿太阳能电池材料理论研究进展

黄杨1,2,孙庆德1,徐文2,何垚2,尹万健1,*()   

  1. 1 苏州大学能源与材料创新研究院,江苏省先进碳材料与可穿戴能源技术重点实验室,江苏苏州215006
    2 云南大学物理与天文学院,昆明650091
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-21 发布日期:2017-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 尹万健 E-mail:wjyin@suda.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄杨,云南大学博士研究生,研究方向为半导体材料的缺陷|孙庆德,苏州大学博士研究生,研究方向为新型太阳能光伏材料的理论设计|徐文,云南大学教授,理论研究方向:半导体和纳米器件物理;实验研究方向:固体电子系统的电子(磁子)输运、光电和磁光电物理特性|何垚,云南大学教授,研究方向主要为半导体、绝缘体和金属表面、界面的结构及其电子态|尹万健,苏州大学教授,研究方向主要为半导体与氧化物中材料缺陷物理的理论研究,传统与新型太阳能光伏材料的理论设计与特性改进以及太阳能光解水材料的设计
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFB0700700);国家自然科学基金(51602211);国家自然科学基金(11674237);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20160299)

Halide Perovskite Materials for Solar Cells: a Theoretical Review

Yang HUANG1,2,Qing-De SUN1,Wen XU2,Yao HE2,Wan-Jian YIN1,*()   

  1. 1 School Institute for Energy and Materials Innovation, Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
    2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-03-21 Published:2017-07-05
  • Contact: Wan-Jian YIN E-mail:wjyin@suda.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFB0700700);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51602211);National Natural Science Foundation of China(11674237);Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China(BK20160299)

摘要:

卤化钙钛矿由于具有低成本、高效率等特点,最近作为非常有前景的太阳能电池吸收层材料被广泛研究。卤化钙钛矿型太阳能电池效率在短短的几年间由3.8%(2009年)迅速增加到22.1%(2016年)。卤化钙钛矿型太阳能电池的出现彻底改变了太阳能电池领域,不仅因为它们快速增长的效率,而且因为它们在材料生长和结构方面的可控性。卤化钙钛矿型太阳能电池的优越性能说明卤化钙钛矿材料具有独特的物理性质。在本综述中,我们总结了卤化钙钛矿材料最近几年在结构、电学、光学方面的理论研究成果,这些都与它们在太阳能电池方面的应用密切相关。我们也将探讨一些卤化钙钛矿型太阳能电池目前遇到的挑战以及可能的理论解决途径。

关键词: 卤化钙钛矿, 太阳能电池, 理论研究

Abstract:

Halide perovskites have recently emerged as promising materials for low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells. The efficiency of perovskite-based solar cells has increased rapidly, from 3.8% in 2009 to 22.1% in 2016, with the use of all-solid-state thin-film architecture and by engineering cell structures with mixed-halide perovskites. The emergence of perovskite solar cells has revolutionized the field not only because of their rapidly increased efficiency, but also their flexibility in material growth and architecture. The superior performance of the perovskite solar cells suggested that perovskite materials possess intrinsically unique properties. In this review, we summarize recent theoretical investigations into the structural, electrical, and optical properties of halide perovskite materials in terms of their applications in solar cells. We also discuss some current challenges of using perovskites in solar cells, along with possible theoretical solutions.

Key words: Halide perovskites, Solar cells, Theoretical study

MSC2000: 

  • O649