物理化学学报 >> 2018, Vol. 34 >> Issue (8): 838-844.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201712271

所属专题: 绿色化学

综述 上一篇    下一篇

绿色催化二氧化碳、炔丙醇和亲核试剂的三组分反应

周智华1,夏书梅1,何良年1,2,*()   

  1. 1 南开大学元素有机化学国家重点实验室,天津 300071
    2 天津化学化工协同创新中心,天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-05 录用日期:2017-12-25 发布日期:2018-04-03
  • 通讯作者: 何良年 E-mail:heln@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:HE Liangnian born in August 1964. He got his PhD degree from Nankai University in 1996. Now, he is a professor of Chemistry at Nankai University. His current research interests cover green chemistry, CO2 chemistry, and biomass conversion
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研究和开发项目(2016YFA0602900);国家自然科学基金(21472103);国家自然科学基金(21421001);国家自然科学基金(21421062);国家自然科学基金(21672119);天津市自然科学基金(16JCZDJC39900)

Green Catalysis for Three-Component Reaction of Carbon Dioxide, Propargylic Alcohols and Nucleophiles

Zhihua ZHOU1,Shumei XIA1,Liangnian HE1,2,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
    2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-12-05 Accepted:2017-12-25 Published:2018-04-03
  • Contact: Liangnian HE E-mail:heln@nankai.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Key Research and Development Program(2016YFA0602900);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21472103);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21421001);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21421062);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21672119);Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin Municipality(16JCZDJC39900)

摘要:

近些年来,将CO2转化为高附加值化学品受到广泛关注。其中,CO2、炔丙醇和亲核试剂的三组分反应可用于制备用途广泛的羰基化合物,该方法具有步骤经济性、原子经济性等优点。由于CO2分子具有热力学稳定性和动力学惰性,多数CO2参与的化学反应在热力学上不支持。然而,CO2、炔丙醇和双亲核试剂三组分反应是热力学有利的CO2转化反应,实现了邻二醇或氨基醇和CO2到环状碳酸酯以及2-噁唑啉酮的高效转化。本综述旨在于总结并讨论近年来CO2、炔丙醇和亲核试剂三组分反应制备多种羰基化学物的主要进展。

关键词: 三组分反应, 二氧化碳转化, 炔丙醇, 绿色催化, 热力学有利的策略

Abstract:

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the main greenhouse gases that can be utilized as a useful C1 source owing to its abundance, non-toxicity, and renewability. In fact, the transformation of carbon dioxide into valuable organic molecules has attracted considerable attention over the past decades. One-pot multicomponent reactions generally proceed with more than two different raw materials reacting in one pot, thus simplifying the reaction in operation and workup. In this regard, a three-component reaction of CO2, propargylic alcohols, and nucleophiles such as amines, water, and alcohols, to prepare useful carbonyl compounds (e.g., carbamates, oxazolidinones, α-hydroxyl ketones, and organic carbonates) is particularly appealing because of the advantages of step and atom economy. From a mechanistic point of view, the three-component reaction of CO2, a propargylic alcohol, and a nucleophile is a type of cascade reaction, involving the carboxylative cyclization of CO2 and propargylic alcohol, and subsequent reaction of a nucleophile with the in situ formed α-alkylidene cyclic carbonate. On the other hand, reactions involving CO2 are generally thermodynamically unfavorable because of the thermodynamic stability and kinetic inertness of CO2. Cyclic carbonates are widely used in organic synthesis, and their preparation from vicinal diols and CO2 represents a green synthetic method because biomass is utilized as the source of vicinal diols. However, the low yields of cyclic carbonates are obtained in most cases because of thermodynamic limitations and deactivation of the catalyst by water, which is the co-product of cyclic carbonates. The most commonly used method to improve the yields of cyclic carbonates involves the addition of dehydrating agents. However, decreased selectivity is often observed because of the side reaction of vicinal diols with the hydrolysis products of the dehydrating agent. In addition, the reaction of 2-aminoethanols and CO2 to obtain the corresponding 2-oxazolidinones also encounters the analogous thermodynamic limitation. To solve this problem, an efficient three-component reaction of CO2, propargylic alcohols, and nucleophiles was developed to offer thermodynamically favorable ways for converting CO2 into cyclic carbonates and 2-oxazolidinones with vicinal diols or 2-aminoethanols as nucleophiles. In this strategy, water is not generated and the α-alkylidene cyclic carbonate formed from CO2 and propargylic alcohol as the actual carbonyl source reacts with vicinal diol or 2-aminoethanol to give the corresponding cyclic carbonates or 2-oxazolidinones in high yields and selectivity with the simultaneous formation of hydroxyketones. This review aims to summarize and discuss the recent advances in three-component reactions of CO2, propargylic alcohols, and nucleophiles to prepare various carbonyl compounds promoted by both metal catalysts and organocatalysts.

Key words: Three-component reaction, Carbon dioxide conversion, Propargylic alcohols, Green catalysis, Thermodynamically favorable strategy

MSC2000: 

  • O643