物理化学学报 >> 2019, Vol. 35 >> Issue (10): 1052-1057.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201801262

所属专题: 二维材料及器件

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液相剥离法大规模制备锑烯量子点

吴昊,严仲*()   

  • 收稿日期:2017-12-27 录用日期:2019-01-23 发布日期:2018-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 严仲 E-mail:zhongyan@njust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51502140);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20150761);中国博士后科学基金(2015M580429);江苏省博士后科研资助计划(1501013A)

Antimonene Quantum Dots: Large-scale Synthesis via Liquid-phase Exfoliation

Hao WU,Zhong YAN*()   

  • Received:2017-12-27 Accepted:2019-01-23 Published:2018-01-26
  • Contact: Zhong YAN E-mail:zhongyan@njust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51502140);the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China(BK20150761);the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2015M580429);the Jiangsu Postdoctoral Science Foundation, China(1501013A)

摘要:

本工作采用超声辅助液相剥离法制备锑烯量子点,研究了在180 W、10 h的超声工艺条件下,分别以H2O、C2H5OH、N-甲基吡咯烷酮(NMP)为剥离溶剂得到的样品形貌。以分散浓度及稳定性为标准,评估了三种溶剂在锑烯量子点制备中的优劣。结果表明,锑烯样品在NMP中分散浓度最高且最为稳定。透射电子显微镜(TEM)的结果显示,只有NMP中的样品在形貌上呈现出来的是量子点,而其他两种溶剂中得到的样品主要是锑烯纳米片,所以NMP是最适合锑烯量子点制备的溶剂。此外,我们还标定了以上三种溶剂中锑烯样品浓度与比浊度的标准曲线,从而可以通过比浊法方便地测定锑烯分散液的浓度。

关键词: 锑烯, 量子点, 液相剥离, 比浊法, 分散性

Abstract:

Since the rediscovery of black phosphorus as a fascinating two-dimensional material, other two-dimensional materials comprising group VA elements have attracted tremendous interest, such as antimonene. Since 2015, besides intensive research efforts on the atomic structures, electronic properties and synthesis methods of antimonene, scientists have conducted applied researches on semiconductor and nonlinear optical devices, molecular adsorption and thermoelectric applications based on antimonene. In addition, antimonene quantum dots (SbQDs) as derivatives of antimonene, have also been studied recently, and their potential applications in photothermal therapy have been reported. To further explore the unique properties and potential applicationsof SbQDs, it is important tosynthesize large amounts of high-quality SbQDs. In this work, antimonene samples were prepared by sonication-assisted liquid exfoliation method. Antimony powders (200 mg) were dispersed in 200 mL water, C2H5OH and 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) solvents separately and sonicated for 10 h at a power of 180 W. Thereafter, the suspensions were centrifuged at 6000 r∙min-1 for 20 min, and the supernatant containing antimonene samples were decanted and characterized. The dispersion concentration of antimonene samples in the three solvents (water, C2H5OH and NMP) were measured as 0.57, 1.04, and 4.27 µg∙mL-1, respectively. However, the antimonene concentrations in water, C2H5OH and NMP dropped by 73.7%, 30.8% and 10.5%, respectively, after standing for 96 h. Thus, antimonene dispersed in NMP demonstrated the highest concentration and best stability, which indicates that NMP is more suitable for antimonene exfoliation. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed that only the samples prepared in NMP were morphologically quantum dots, while antimonene samples obtained in the other two solvents were mainly nanosheets. The obtained SbQDs in NMP had a lateral size of approximately 3.0 nm. High-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) also confirmed the good crystal quality of theobtained SbQDs. In addition, we measured the turbidities of antimonene dispersed in those three solvents at various concentrations. As theoretically predicted, the turbidity of antimonne dispersions linearly depends on the concentraion; thus, the antimonene concentrations can be calculated by measuring the turbidity through an optical method. Thus, this study provides a high-throughput, nondestructive method for determining antimonene dispersion concentration, which will faciliate further research in this area.

Key words: Antimonene, Quantum dots, Liquid exfoliation, Turbidimetry, Dispersibility

MSC2000: 

  • O648