物理化学学报 >> 2019, Vol. 35 >> Issue (10): 1058-1077.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201812020

所属专题: 二维材料及器件

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基于二维材料及其范德瓦尔斯异质结的光电探测器

李家意,丁一,张卫,周鹏*()   

  • 收稿日期:2018-12-10 录用日期:2019-01-09 发布日期:2019-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 周鹏 E-mail:pengzhou@fudan.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:周鹏,复旦大学教授。先后获得上海市青年科技启明星,国家自然基金委优秀青年,上海市曙光学者,科技部中青年科技创新领军人才。于2000年、2005年获复旦大学物理学学士和博士学位。主要从事新型二维层状半导体电子器件与特性研究
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61622401);国家自然科学基金(61851402);国家自然科学基金(61734003)

Photodetectors Based on Two-Dimensional Materials and Their van der Waals Heterostructures

Jiayi LI,Yi DING,David Wei ZHANG,Peng ZHOU*()   

  • Received:2018-12-10 Accepted:2019-01-09 Published:2019-01-15
  • Contact: Peng ZHOU E-mail:pengzhou@fudan.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61622401);The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61851402);The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61734003)

摘要:

近些年来,石墨烯、黑磷和过渡金属二硫化物以及其他二维材料受到了越来越多的关注。凭借其独特的结构和优异的电学、光学特性,这些二维材料在光电器件中得到了广泛应用,具有良好的发展潜力。本文概述了二维材料在光电探测器领域的最新研究进展,介绍了一些常见的二维材料及其制备方法,阐述了光电探测器件的基本原理和评价参数,以及回顾了二维材料及其异质结构在光电探测器中的应用,最后总结了该领域仍然面临的挑战并对其未来的发展方向进行了展望。

关键词: 光电探测, 二维材料, 异质结, 过渡金属二硫化物, 机械剥离

Abstract:

Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have garnered increasing interest in the past few years due to their unique structures and novel properties. These 2D layered materials with atomic thicknesses cover metals, semiconductors, and insulators, including graphene, black phosphorus (BP), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and hexagonal boron nitride (BN). Their bandgaps are usually tunable by changing the number of layers and the thicknesses. These 2D material are also sensitive to changes in the surrounding environment, e. g. changes in temperature, pressure, and illumination. Particularly, most 2D materials have high absorption coefficients. Owing to their excellent performance in electronics and optoelectronics and their potential for further development, many optoelectronic devices based on 2D materials, such as photodetectors, have been manufactured and widely used. In this paper, the latest progress of photodetectors based on 2D materials has been outlined. We introduce some 2D materials and their preparation methods, and the mechanisms of photodetectors based on 2D materials, i. e. photovoltaic effect, photoconductive effect, photogating effect, photothermoelectric effect and bolometric effect, have been discussed. Next, we summarize the parameters used to evaluate the performance of photodetectors, including photoresponsivity, external quantum efficiency, internal quantum efficiency, photoconductive gain, signal-to-noise ratio, noise-equivalent power, response time, cutoff frequency, linear dynamic range, and specific detectivity. We also report some recent studies on photodetectors based on 2D materials; among the 2D materials used in these studies, graphene, TMDs, and BP are the most widely used. Many methods have been proposed to improve the performances of photodetectors based on 2D materials, such as doping, designing novel structures, changing the dielectric layer, modifying the contact between channel and electrodes, controlling the surface and the interface, etc. Compared to single 2D materials, heterostructures composed of different 2D materials are more promising for use in photodetectors because they combine materials with different properties, which makes it possible to obtain photodetectors with desired and enhanced performances. Thus, we present some van der Waals heterojunctions and their applications in photodetectors. Finally, we provide a brief summary of the full article and an outlook for future development.

10.3866/PKU.WHXB201809013.F0011  

Key words: Photodetection, Two-dimensional material, Heterostructure, Transition metal dichalcogenide, Mechanical exfoliation

MSC2000: 

  • O644