物理化学学报 >> 2019, Vol. 35 >> Issue (10): 1078-1089.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201812057

所属专题: 二维材料及器件

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二维材料“遇见”生物大分子:机遇与挑战

杜春保1,*(),胡小玲2,张刚3,程渊3,*()   

  1. 1 西安石油大学化学化工学院,西安 710065
    2 西北工业大学理学院,西安 710072
    3 新加坡科技研究局高性能计算研究所,新加坡 138632
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-31 录用日期:2019-01-24 发布日期:2019-01-29
  • 通讯作者: 杜春保,程渊 E-mail:duchunbao218@126.com;chengy@ihpc.a-star.edu.sg
  • 作者简介:杜春保,1988年生。2017年在西北工业大学获得博士学位。现就职于西安石油大学。主要研究方向为纳米材料生物效应、功能高分子材料与多孔材料催化。|程渊,1981生。2003年在复旦大学获得学士学位;2008年在新加坡国立大学获得博士学位。现任新加坡科技研究局高性能计算研究所科学家。主要研究方向为纳米材料跨尺度模拟、仿生材料力学行为与应用。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51433008);高级制造与工程(A1898b0043)

2D Materials Meet Biomacromolecules: Opportunities and Challenges

Chunbao DU1,*(),Xiaoling HU2,Gang ZHANG3,Yuan CHENG3,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Shiyou University, Xi'an 710065, P. R. China
    2 School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, P. R. China
    3 Institute of High Performance Computing, A*STAR, 138632, Singapore
  • Received:2018-12-31 Accepted:2019-01-24 Published:2019-01-29
  • Contact: Chunbao DU,Yuan CHENG E-mail:duchunbao218@126.com;chengy@ihpc.a-star.edu.sg
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51433008);the RIE2020 Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering (AME) Programmatic grant, Work Package 4(A1898b0043)

摘要:

二维材料的超薄原子层结构使其具有独特的力学性能、导热导电性以及巨大的比表面积,在能源存储、催化、传感和生物医学等领域引起了国内外学者的广泛关注。将二维材料与具有生物活性的生物大分子相结合可以为开发具有优异电学、力学和生物学功能的特种功能材料提供新的方法和途径。近年来,科研工作者针对这一方向展开了广泛的研究,取得了一系列重要的成果,使二维材料与生物大分子的结合与应用成为了新的研究热点。本文综述了近年来二维材料和生物大分子之间的相互作用及应用的研究进展,重点介绍了二维材料与生物大分子在分子水平上的相互作用机理,还总结了基于二维材料与生物大分子之间的相互作用在工程、疾病治疗和抗菌中的应用,并对其未来的研究趋势提出了展望。

关键词: 二维材料, 生物大分子, 非共价键, 共价键, 应用

Abstract:

With the rapid development of science and technology, various nanomaterials have continually emerged to meet human needs. As a newly emerging class of nanomaterials, two-dimensional (2D) materials have received wide attention recently in energy storage, catalysis, sensing and biomedicine due to their unique features such as good mechanical property, high specific surface area, excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. Biomacromolecules are the special organic molecules with various biological activities which exist extensively in every aspect of human life. When 2D materials meet biomacromolecules to display their own unique advantages, more opportunities and challenges have arisen for the exploitation and fabrication of novel nanomaterials with unique electrical, mechanical, biological properties and specific functions. In recent years, extensive research has been carried out with outstanding achievement thus the combination of 2D materials and biomacromolecules becomes a new hotspot. There were generally two binding interactions between 2D materials and biomacromolecules, namely non-covalent binding (electrostatic interaction, hydrophobic effect, ππ stacking, van der Waals interaction) and covalent binding (special chemical reactions between the functional groups of 2D materials and biomacromolecules). In addition, due to the excellent photothermal conversion performance, 2D materials could exhibit a non-contact interaction to biomacromolecules through the photo-thermal effect which has greatly broadened their applications. Up to now, numerous studies have clearly revealed the binding and effect mechanism and the research will be more focused on expanding the scope and application. Currently, the combination of 2D materials and biomacromolecules has widely involved in many cutting-edge applications such as flexible device, biosensor, smart skin, drug delivery, antibacterial, disease therapy and so on. Although a lot of progress has been made, several highlight open questions still need to be urgently addressed, such as the production cost of 2D materials, biological activity of biomacromolecules, stability and biocompatibility of 2D/biomacromolecule nanomaterials. This review summarizes the interactions between some typical 2D materials (i.e. graphene, graphene oxide, nitrogen-doped graphene, molybdenum disulfide, phosphorene, silylene and germanene) and biomacromolecules (i.e. silk protein, lysozyme, bovine serum albumin, bovine hemoglobin, ovalbumin, villin, bovine fibrinogen, DNA/RNA, glucose oxidase and chitosan) and focuses on the recent progress of some typical applications (i.e. engineering application, disease therapy and antibacterial). The non-covalent and covalent bindings of 2D materials and biomacromolecules are discussed in detail, and the applications of the combination of 2D materials and biomacromolecules in engineering and bioscience have been reviewed. Finally, the challenges for the future development of 2D materials and biomacromolecules are also briefly proposed.

10.3866/PKU.WHXB201809013.F009  

Key words: Two-dimensional material, Biomacromolecule, Non-covalence, Covalence, Application

MSC2000: 

  • O647