物理化学学报 >> 2020, Vol. 36 >> Issue (8): 1905083.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201905083

论文 上一篇    下一篇

多孔双金属氧化物/碳复合光催化剂对四环素的高效光催化降解

王艺蒙1, 张申平1, 葛宇2, 王臣辉1, 胡军1,*(), 刘洪来1   

  1. 1 华东理工大学化学与分子工程学院,上海 200237
    2 上海市质量监督检验技术研究院,上海 200233
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-30 录用日期:2019-07-09 发布日期:2020-05-19
  • 通讯作者: 胡军 E-mail:junhu@ecust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(91834301);国家自然科学基金(21676080);国家自然科学基金(21878076)

Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Degradation of Tetracycline Using a Bimetallic Oxide/Carbon Photocatalyst

Yimeng Wang1, Shenping Zhang1, Yu Ge2, Chenhui Wang1, Jun Hu1,*(), Honglai Liu1   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China
    2 Shanghai Institute of Quality Inspection and Technical Research, Shanghai 200233, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-05-30 Accepted:2019-07-09 Published:2020-05-19
  • Contact: Jun Hu E-mail:junhu@ecust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(91834301);The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21676080);The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21878076)

摘要:

本工作以金属有机框架材料UiO-67为载体,通过原位水解负载TiO2,经焙烧后得到系列ZrxTi/C光催化剂。我们以四环素为典型抗生素在300 W氙灯光源下进行光降解研究,Zr0.3Ti/C复合催化剂表现出优异的光催化效率,对于10 mg·L-1四环素溶液,30 min可以降解98%。光降解速率常数分别是TiO2、纯UiO-67焙烧产物Zr-O-C的16倍和3.7倍。这得益于Zr0.3Ti/C较大的比表面积,对四环素具有优异的吸附性能;同时具有能级匹配的Zr-O-C/TiO2异质结构和高导电性碳材料共掺,有效提高了电子-空穴对的分离与迁移;机理研究表明光照下产生的超氧自由基(O2•-)、羟基自由基(•OH)以及少量的空穴(h+),共同促进了光催化降解四环素。本研究基于吸附和光催化协同作用原理,所提出的高比表面积、双金属活性的复合光催化材料的制备方法,对抗生素等环境污染物光降解治理方面有一定的指导作用。

关键词: 光催化降解, 多孔催化剂, 双金属异质结, 金属有机框架材料, 四环素

Abstract:

Recently, MOF-derived metal oxides have been demonstrated as excellent semiconductor materials. Their derivatives can retain the high porosity and high specific surface area of the parent MOFs, effectively improving the adsorption capacity and mass transfer rate of reactive substances. Herein, UiO-67 was selected as the substrate due to its high hydrothermal stability and high specific surface area. Through the in situ growth of TiO2 nanoparticles, a series of double metal composite catalysts (ZrxTi/C) were produced after calcination at 400 ℃. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that the UiO-67 crystal structure of collapsed after calcination, forming a Zr-O-C/TiO2 heterojunction. Energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS) mapping images showed that Ti, Zr, and O were evenly distributed throughout the materials without obvious aggregation. Compared to conventional inorganic semiconductor materials, ZrxTi/C heterojunction catalysts provided much higher BET surface area (317 m2·g-1) for the effective enrichment of contaminants on the catalyst surface. Tetracycline was selected as a representative antibiotic to study photodegradation performance under a 300 W Xenon lamp. Among the obtained catalysts, the Zr0.3Ti/C heterojunction catalyst exhibited the best photocatalytic efficiency, achieving 98% degradation within 30 min in a 10 mg·L-1 tetracycline solution. Fluorescence spectra, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and transient photocurrent responses showed that the Zr0.3Ti/C heterojunction catalyst exhibited the fastest charge-hole separation rate and a maximum photocurrent density of 8.75 μA·cm-2, which was 2.64 and 3.71 times those of UiO-67 and UiO-670.3/TiO2, respectively. The mechanism of tetracycline photodegradation was determined by UV-visible diffuse-reflectance absorption spectroscopy, Mott-Schottky plots, and electron spin resonance technology. A direct Z-scheme charge separation path was formed by the transfer and recombination of photoexcited e- in the conduction band (CB) of Zr-O-C with h+ in the valence band (VB) of TiO2, which effectively reduced the combination rate of e- and h+ in Zr-O-C and TiO2. The photodegradation rate constant of Zr0.3Ti/C was 16 and 3.7 times those of TiO2 and Zr-O-C, respectively, due to its large specific surface area and excellent tetracycline adsorption performance. Furthermore, the Zr-O-C/TiO2 heterostructure exhibiting suitable energy level matching and containing highly conductive carbon material improved the separation and migration of electron-hole pairs. Mechanistic studies revealed that the three types of radicals, superoxide radicals (O2•-), hydroxyl radicals (•OH), and a small amount of holes (h+) simultaneously promoted tetracycline photodegradation. After five recycling tests, Zr0.3Ti/C heterojunction catalyst maintained 91.2% removal efficiency for tetracycline, indicating good cycle stability. Combining the synergistic effects of adsorption and photodegradation, using bimetallic heterojunction composites with high specific surface area is promising for the photodegradation of environmental pollutants.

Key words: Photocatalytic degradation, Porous catalyst, Bimetallic heterojunction, Metal organic framework material, Tetracycline

MSC2000: 

  • O643