物理化学学报 >> 2020, Vol. 36 >> Issue (7): 1911016.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201911016

所属专题: 纳米复合材料

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ZnCuAl-LDH/Bi2MoO6纳米复合材料的构建及其可见光催化降解性能

郁桂云1,胡丰献1,程伟伟1,韩字童2,刘超2,*(),戴勇1,*()   

  1. 1 盐城工学院化学化工学院,江苏 盐城 224051
    2 盐城工学院材料科学与工程学院,江苏 盐城 224051
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-07 发布日期:2020-03-21
  • 通讯作者: 刘超,戴勇 E-mail:cliu@ycit.edu.cn;123daiyong123@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21603182);国家自然科学基金(51902282);江苏省高等学校自然科学基金(16KJB150038);中国博士后科学基金(2018M632283)

ZnCuAl-LDH/Bi2MoO6 Nanocomposites with Improved Visible Light-Driven Photocatalytic Degradation

Yu Guiyun1,Hu Fengxian1,Cheng Weiwei1,Han Zitong2,Liu Chao2,*(),Dai Yong1,*()   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
    2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-11-07 Published:2020-03-21
  • Contact: Liu Chao,Dai Yong E-mail:cliu@ycit.edu.cn;123daiyong123@163.com
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21603182);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51902282);the Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China(16KJB150038);the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2018M632283)

摘要:

本工作采用稳态共沉淀法制备了ZnCuAl-LDH/Bi2MoO6 (LDH/Bi2MoO6)纳米复合材料,并研究了所得材料在可见光下降解污染物罗丹明B (RhB)的光催化性能。结果表明,所得LDH/Bi2MoO6纳米复合材料比单纯的ZnCuAl-LDH和Bi2MoO6具有显著提高的光催化活性和较好的稳定性。光催化性能的提高得益于异质结的形成以及高的比表面积,从而有利于光生电子-空穴对的有效分离和更多光催化活性位点的暴露。研究发现,在光降解过程中,所产生的•OH和O2•−是主要的反应性物种,而e和h+的贡献较少。基于实验结果,提出了一种可能的光催化机制。本工作提供了一种制备基于LDH和(或)Bi2MoO6纳米复合材料的方法,所得LDH/Bi2MoO6纳米复合材料可望作为一种可见光光催化剂,在净化环境和缓解资源短缺方面有潜在应用。

关键词: 层状双氢氧化物, Bi2MoO6, 纳米复合材料, 活性位点, 可见光降解, 异质结

Abstract:

In this study, pure Bi2MoO6 was synthesized via a solvothermal method. A ZnCuAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH)/Bi2MoO6 (denoted as LDH/Bi2MoO6) nanocomposite was synthesized via a steady-state co-precipitation route using Bi2MoO6 as the matric material. LDH was deposited on the surface of Bi2MoO6 with a close contact interface. The specific surface area of the resulting LDH/Bi2MoO6 composite increased up to 19.1 m2∙g−1 owing to the stacking arrangement between LDH and the Bi2MoO6 nanosheets, resulting in the generation of a large number of reactive sites. In addition, the light absorption region of the LDH/Bi2MoO6 composite was larger than those of pure LDH and Bi2MoO6 because of the formation of a heterojunction structure and the possible quantum size effect. The photocatalytic performance of the as-prepared samples was evaluated by carrying out the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) using them under visible light irradiation. Compared to pure LDH and Bi2MoO6, the LDH/Bi2MoO6 nanocomposite exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity for the degradation of RhB. With an increase in the LDH content, the photocatalytic activity of the LDH/Bi2MoO6 composite first increased and then decreased. Although the addition of an optimum amount of LDH was beneficial for the generation of electron-hole pairs, excessive LDH on the surface of Bi2MoO6 decreased the visible light absorption ability of both the components, thus reducing photocatalytic activity of the composite. This indicates that an appropriate LDH:Bi2MoO6 molar ratio is necessary for obtaining LDH/Bi2MoO6 composites with excellent photocatalytic activity. Furthermore, the LDH/Bi2MoO6 composite showed high photocatalytic stability and reusability. The structure of the LDH/Bi2MoO6 composite remained almost unchanged even after four photodegradation cycles. The enhanced photocatalytic performance of the composite can be attributed to the combined effect of its heterojunction structure and high specific surface area, which are beneficial for effective separation of photogenerated charge carriers and the availability of a large number of active sites for photocatalysis. It was found that •OH and O2•− were the main reactive species, while e and h+ contributed little to the photodegradation process. The generation, transfer, and separation of photoinduced electrons and holes in the composites were investigated by transient photocurrent responses, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy Nyquist plots, and photoluminescence measurements. The results showed that the heterojunction structure of the composites played a key role in enhancing their photocatalytic activity. A possible photodegradation mechanism was proposed for the composite. This study will provide a facile approach for the preparation of LDH- and/or Bi2MoO6-based nanocomposites. The LDH/Bi2MoO6 nanocomposite prepared in this study showed huge potential to be used as a visible-light photocatalyst for degrading environmental pollutants.

Key words: Layered double hydroxide, Bi2MoO6, Nanocomposite, Active site, Visible-light photodegradation, Heterojunction

MSC2000: 

  • O643