物理化学学报

最新录用 上一篇    下一篇

影响高浓度氧化石墨烯分散液流变行为的重要因素及群体平衡动力学分析

毛赫南, 王晓工   

  1. 清华大学化工系, 清华大学教育部先进材料重点实验室, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-08 修回日期:2020-04-26 录用日期:2020-04-27 发布日期:2020-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 王晓工 E-mail:wxg-dce@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973)(2012CB933402)资助

Key Factors Affecting Rheological Behavior of High-Concentration Graphene Oxide Dispersions and Population Balance Equation Model Analysis

Henan Mao, Xiaogong Wang   

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Advanced Materials(MOE), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China
  • Received:2020-04-08 Revised:2020-04-26 Accepted:2020-04-27 Published:2020-05-11
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2012CB933402).

摘要: 氧化石墨烯(GO)片的基面和边缘上存在大量的含氧官能团,能很好地分散在水中,因而具有很好的加工性和广阔的应用前景。在较高浓度范围下,GO水分散液中存在着强烈的竞争性相互作用,从而对流变行为产生较大影响。在本文中,通过稳态、动态等流变实验以及理论分析,研究了pH值、温度和不同的有机溶剂对GO分散液流变行为的影响。结果表明,降低pH值、适当增加温度以及加入吡啶均可促进GO水分散液从粘弹性液体到凝胶态的转变。利用DLVO(DeryaginLandau-Verwey-Overbeek)理论,探讨了GO片之间的范德华作用力以及双电层排斥作用的相互关系,及其对流变性能的影响。通过群体平衡模型(PBE)分析了GO分散液的屈服应力与体积分数的正相关关系。同时,通过蠕变和松弛实验发现,高浓度的GO分散液中结构变化及流变行为在很多方面与高聚物相似,利用Poyting-Thomson模型能较好地拟合其粘弹性行为。上述研究结果为深入研究复杂的GO分散体系提供理论支撑和实验依据。

关键词: 氧化石墨烯, 分散液, 相互作用, DLVO理论, 流体力学, 群体平衡动力学模型

Abstract: Graphene oxide (GO) possesses a large number of oxygen-containing functional groups on its basal planes and edges, enabling it to disperse well in water and other aqueous media. This property facilitates the processing of GO by various wet-processing methods. Because of its interesting properties and useful intermediate role in preparing graphene derivatives, GO has potential applications in many fields, including composites, separators, sensors, actuators, and energy storage and conversion. At high concentrations, strong, competitive interactions occur in GO aqueous dispersions that significantly impact the rheological behavior of these dispersions. In a liquid medium, the dispersed GO nanosheets form a unique colloidal system, in which solvation, electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding, and the lyophilic effect play important roles. The aromatic domains preserved from precursor graphite show attractive van der Waals interaction and π-π stacking between GO sheets. In this study, the effects of pH, temperature, and different organic solvents on the rheological behavior of GO dispersions were investigated through steady and dynamic rheological tests and theoretical analysis. The results showed that enhancing acidity, increasing the temperature within a certain range, and adding organic solvents such as pyridine promote transition of the GO aqueous dispersion from a viscoelastic liquid to a gel state, which shows different rheological properties. GO sheets in dispersion interact through negative charges originating from the many ionizable groups in the nanosheets and electrical double layers. Analysis using the Deryagin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory showed that, under the conditions described above, these interactions were remarkably altered with consequent effects on the rheological properties. Weakened electric double-layer interaction disrupted the GO colloidal dispersion state and resulted in the association of GO nanosheets to form gel. Based on the above understanding, the yield stress of the GO dispersions affected by the volume fraction was analyzed by population balance equation (PBE) modeling. Through creep and relaxation experiments, the structure and rheological properties of GO dispersions at high concentrations were found to be similar in many respects to those of polymers. Therefore, the viscoelastic behavior of GO dispersions can be well described by the Poynting-Thomson model, which can provide theoretical support and advance the study of complex GO dispersions. These results shed new light on the rheological behavior of GO dispersions and can be used to optimize the processing conditions for future applications.

Key words: Graphene oxide, Dispersion, Interaction, DLVO theory, Rheology, PBE model

MSC2000: 

  • O648