物理化学学报 >> 2022, Vol. 38 >> Issue (5): 2005006.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202005006

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仿鲍鱼壳石墨烯多功能纳米复合材料

彭景淞, 程群峰()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-05-05 录用日期:2020-07-10 发布日期:2020-07-14
  • 通讯作者: 程群峰 E-mail:cheng@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:程群峰,1981年生。2008年于浙江大学获得博士学位。现为北京航空航天大学化学学院教授。主要从事仿生功能纳米复合材料方面的研究
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51522301);国家自然科学基金(51961130388);国家自然科学基金(21875010);国家自然科学基金(21273017);国家自然科学基金(51103004);牛顿高级学者基金(NAF\R1\191235);北京市杰出青年基金(JQ19006);111引智计划(B14009);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(YWF-19-BJ-J-8)

Nacre-Inspired Graphene-based Multifunctional Nanocomposites

Jingsong Peng, Qunfeng Cheng()   

  • Received:2020-05-05 Accepted:2020-07-10 Published:2020-07-14
  • Contact: Qunfeng Cheng E-mail:cheng@buaa.edu.cn
  • About author:Qunfeng Cheng, Email: cheng@buaa.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51522301);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51961130388);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21875010);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21273017);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51103004);the Newton Advanced Fellowship(NAF\R1\191235);the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China(JQ19006);the 111 Project, China(B14009);the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China(YWF-19-BJ-J-8)

摘要:

石墨烯具有力学性能高、电导率优异等特点,然而单层石墨烯纳米片在组装成为宏观纳米复合材料的过程中,往往会出现片层团聚、界面作用弱、无规取向等问题,导致宏观石墨烯纳米复合材料性能远低于单片石墨烯。因此,如何将微观石墨烯纳米片层的高性能在宏观纳米复合材料中体现出来,是目前研究的热点和难点。本专论结合目前石墨烯纳米复合材料的研究现状,简要讨论了受天然鲍鱼壳的“砖-泥”结构的启发,仿生构筑高性能石墨烯纳米复合材料的最新研究进展。并对本课题组在仿鲍鱼壳石墨烯多功能纳米复合材料领域近年来的工作进行介绍,包括石墨烯纤维、薄膜和块材等多种宏观石墨烯纳米复合材料,系统总结构筑仿鲍鱼壳结构和反鲍鱼壳结构两种策略,在一定程度上解决了石墨烯在组装过程中的科学问题。同时,详细阐述了仿鲍鱼壳石墨烯多功能纳米复合材料的增强增韧机制和功能化策略,分析了今后研究工作中可能遇到的问题,并展望了未来的发展趋势。

关键词: 鲍鱼壳, 仿生, 石墨烯, 多功能, 复合材料

Abstract:

Graphene is a 2D nanocomposite that has been gaining popularity in the research community in recent years. It is light weight with high tensile strength and excellent electrical conductivity. While graphene nanosheets are typically assembled into macroscopic nanocomposites, their beneficial properties may degrade from the aggregation of nanosheets owing to the weak interfacial interactions caused by random orientation and many other obstacles. Thus, finding an effective way to assemble the graphene nanosheets while not impacting its intrinsic properties is challenging. In nature, live organisms have always assembled numerous nanomaterials into high-performance nanocomposites. For example, nacre is composed of aragonite nanoplatelets and biopolymers such as protein and chitin. The aragonite nanoplatelets with a 95% volume fraction are stacked into a layered structure and "glued" together by biopolymers based on the "brick-and-mortar" architecture. The fracture toughness is 3000 times higher than natural aragonite minerals owing to the "extrinsic toughening mechanism" from the crack deflection and bridging in the "brick-and-mortar" architecture. We propose a nacre-inspired layered structure in graphene-based nanocomposites with two complementary strategies: constructing nacre-like and inverse nacre-like structures. This paper first introduces the structure and toughening mechanism of nacre and clarify the advantages of a bioinspired strategies. Then, some of the recent work on nacre-inspired graphene-based multifunctional nanocomposites is discussed. To construct the nacre-like structure, we fabricated graphene-based fibers and membranes with graphene as the main component. The nacre-like graphene-based nanocomposites have excellent tensile strength and toughness due to the synergistic effects from interfacial interactions and building blocks. It also demonstrated high electrical conductivity, which makes it suitable for electromagnetic interference shielding or supercapacitors. We also fabricated inverse nacre-like graphene-based nanocomposites with a small amount of graphene. The inverse nacre-like graphene-based nanocomposites has a layered structure and exhibited the "extrinsic toughening mechanism" seen in nacre. Consequently, the inverse nacre-like graphene-based nanocomposites possesses high fracture toughness that pushes the limit of "mixing rule". With the addition of graphene, the inverse nacre-like nanocomposites are suitable for use in many applications such as electrical conductivity, electrical heating, temperature measurement and many other functions. Finally, our study summarizes the strategies to overcome the obstacles we encountered during the assembly process to construct both the nacre-like and inverse nacre-like structures that were based on graphene. Some of the challenges we encountered include the small sample size, the quality of graphene nanosheets and developing hierarchical assembly techniques. The upcoming trends in nacre-inspired graphene-based multifunctional nanocomposites will also be discussed.

Key words: Nacre, Bioinspiration, Graphene, Multifunction, Nanocomposite

MSC2000: 

  • O641