物理化学学报 >> 2020, Vol. 36 >> Issue (11): 2008058.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202008058

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英国国家科研与创新署学科交叉研究资助机制及启示

李文聪1,*(), 徐进1, 申洁1, 刘娟娟2, 范英杰1, 杨俊林1   

  1. 1 国家自然科学基金委员会国际合作局,北京 100085
    2 兰州大学第二医院萃英生物医学研究中心,兰州 730030
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-18 发布日期:2020-08-26
  • 通讯作者: 李文聪 E-mail:liwc@nsfc.gov.cn

Interdisciplinary Research Funding Mechanisms of the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and Their Implications

Wencong Li1,*(), Jin Xu1, Jie Shen1, Juanjuan Liu2, Yingjie Fan1, Junlin Yang1   

  1. 1 Bureau of International Cooperation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, P. R. China
    2 Cuiying Biomedical Research Center, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou 730030, P. R. China
  • Received:2020-08-18 Published:2020-08-26
  • Contact: Wencong Li E-mail:liwc@nsfc.gov.cn

摘要:

自2018年成立以来,英国国家科研与创新署(UKRI)整合了以学科为基础划分的英国七大研究理事会和英国创新署、英格兰研究署,显著增强了英国科研与创新体系的战略协同。通过九个下属机构的横向联合,UKRI在一批重点领域资助了多个学科交叉项目。此外,UKRI还通过战略优先基金支持面向国家战略需求的学科交叉研究,通过全球挑战研究基金促进以学科交叉手段解决发展中国家面临的共性挑战。在学科交叉项目的立项和管理过程中,UKRI重视与政府、大学、非政府组织以及产业界的合作,并采取一系列手段改善学科交叉项目的评审效果。UKRI的举措对我国科研创新资助机构推动学科交叉发展具有多方面的借鉴意义,如优化资助格局、完善跨学科跨部门协作机制、加强与政府和企业的合作、以及改进评审机制等。

关键词: 学科交叉, 资助机制, 组织结构, 项目管理, 同行评议

Abstract:

Newly established in 2018, the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) strengthens the strategic coordination of the UK research and innovation system by bringing together seven Research Councils, Research England, and Innovate UK. Through its nine organizations, UKRI funds multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in a number of priority areas. It also runs the Strategic Priorities Fund to support multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in strategic areas identified by government policies as well as the Global Challenges Research Fund to promote challenge-led interdisciplinary research needed by developing countries. The UKRI makes significant efforts to engage stakeholders in the development, design, and implementation of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary programs. It has also developed a range of mechanisms to improve the evaluation of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary projects. Chinese science and innovation funding agencies could draw upon the UKRI experience from four aspects to advance interdisciplinary research in China.

Key words: Interdisciplinary research, Funding mechanism, Organizational structure, Program management, Peer review

MSC2000: 

  • G463