物理化学学报 >> 1987, Vol. 3 >> Issue (04): 337-340.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19870401

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n-C3H7I和i-C3H7I的激光裂解

黄玉惠; 曹建如; 温晔; 钟宪; 张建明; 方万全; 武小军; 朱起鹤   

  1. 中国科学院化学研究所, 北京
  • 收稿日期:1987-03-02 修回日期:1987-03-17 发布日期:1987-08-15

PHOTOFRAGMENTATION OF n-C3H7I AND i-C3H7I

Huang Yuhui; Cao Jianru; Wen Ye; Zhong Xian; Zhang Jianming; Fang Wanquan; Wu Xiaojun; Zhu Qihe   

  1. Institute of Chemistry; Academia Sinica; Beijing
  • Received:1987-03-02 Revised:1987-03-17 Published:1987-08-15

Abstract: Studies on the photofragmentation of n-C_3H_7I and i-C_3H_7I have been carried out by a photofragment spectrometer with rotatable pulsed molecular beam crossed with KrF excimer laser beam. TOF spectra of the iodine atom fragments (Fig.1, 2) which show the separation of the primary photodissociation channels
n-C_3H_7I→n-C_3H_7+I~*(~2P_(1/2))
n-C_3H_7+I(~2p_(3/2))
i-C_3H_7I→i-C_3H_7+I~*(~2P_(1/2))
i-C_3H_7+I(~2P_(3/2))
are obtatned at 12 different angles. The distribution of total translational energy E_(CM) of recoiling photofragments are then determined. The ratios I~*/I of the photodissociation channels of n-C_3H_7I and i-C_3H_7I are measured to be 1.61 and 0.96 respectively (Table 1). The ratios I~*/I obtained by photofragment translational energy measurement in this Lab~[3]. are good in agreement with most of results abtained by IR emission~[5] and LIF~[4] measurement except the data of i-C_3H_7I, which is much different from I~*/I=0.35 reported by Bershon~[4] using LIF method.
The extent of internal alkyl fragment excitation E_(int)~R is also determined (Table 2) by energy balance. The fraction of the available energy (E_(av1)=E_(CM)+E_(int)~R) which goes into internal exciatation of the alkyl fragment increases from 12.5% for I~* channe of CH_3I to 64% for both channels of i-C_3H_7I. The results are consistent with direct impulsive dynamic model of unimolecular decomposition based on “soft” alkyl radicals.
The facts that the ratio I~*/I decreases with increasing carbon atoms and that the difference of the internal excitation of alkyl radicals between the I~* (~2P_(1/2)) and I (~2P_(3/2)) channelsincreases with increasing carbon atoms should be related and important for better understanding the origin of the I(~2P_(3/2)) channel caused by the potential energy surface crossing~[3]. The results of the internal excitation of the alkyl radicals in the photodissociation are also valuable for prediction of secondary products during the UV photolysis of those alkyl iodides in the gas cell.