### 吸附原子电催化机理的研究——铂单晶(100)晶面上Pb、Cd吸附原子在甲酸电氧化中的助催化特性

1. 厦门大学化学系
• 收稿日期:1988-11-21 修回日期:1989-05-30 发布日期:1990-06-15
• 通讯作者: 孙世刚

### The Study on the Electrocatalytic Mechanism of Adatoms-The Electrocatalytic Properties of Pb and Cd Adlayer on Pt(100) in Formic Acid Oxidation

Sun Shi-Gang

1. Department of Chemistry, University of Xiamen, Xiamen
• Received:1988-11-21 Revised:1989-05-30 Published:1990-06-15
• Contact: Sun Shi-Gang

Abstract: In this work a modified adsorption method was used to form firstly a saturated Cd or Pb adlayer on platinum single crystal (100) surface, then its surface structure, the electrochemical stability and the desorption-readsorption CV properties were studied. The HCOOH oxidation has been used as a probe to determine the electrocatalytic propertics of Pt (100) with different surface concentration of Cd or Pb adatoms. The results show that Cd adatoms on Pt(100) inhibit both HCOOH dissociation adsorption (to form poisoning intermediates) and HCOOH oxidation via the reactive intermediate, and that Pb adatoms on Pt(100) inhibit only HCOOH disociation adsorption but catalyse HCOOH oxidation via the reactive intermediate, in this case the more Pb adatoms on Pt(100), the higher te catalytic effect. The highest enhanced catalytic effet has been found with the saturated Pb adlayer on Pt(100) (the coverage of Pb, calibrated by hydrogen adsorption, is then equal to 1.0), i.e. with a surface structure of C(2×2)-bridged Pb. The difference of influence to the hydrogen adsorption-desorption process and the different catalytic effect on HCOOH oxidation of Cd and Pb adatoms on Pt(100) were attributed to the intrinsic properties of Cd and Pd elements and also to their interaction with Pt(100). This results indicate that the electrocatalytic mechanism of Cd and Pb adatom on Pt(100) depends on the geometrical surface structure effect and, more importantly, on the electro structure effect during the interaction of adatoms with Pt(100) surface atoms.