物理化学学报 >> 1998, Vol. 14 >> Issue (05): 463-466.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19980516

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

氯化物熔体中镱离子在铁电极上的电还原

刘冠昆, 童叶翔, 洪惠婵, 杨绮琴, 陈胜阳   

  1. 中山大学化学与化学工程学院,物理化学研究所,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:1997-08-11 修回日期:1997-10-14 发布日期:1998-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘冠昆

Electroreduction of Yb(III) Ion on the Fe Cathode in Molten Chloride

Liu Guan-Kun, Tong Ye-Xiang, Hong Hui-Chan, Yang Qi-Qin, Chen Sheng-Yang   

  1. Institute of Physical Chemistry,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Zhongshan University,Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1997-08-11 Revised:1997-10-14 Published:1998-05-15
  • Contact: Liu Guan-Kun

关键词: 镱离子, 电还原, 熔盐

Abstract:

The line scanning voltammetry was used to study the electrochemical reaction of Yb(Ⅲ) in NaCl-KCl equimolar mixture on the Fe cathode. It was found that the reduction of Yb(Ⅲ) to yb(Ⅱ ) was realized on Fe electrode in the first step. Yb(Ⅱ ) was then reduced and formed alloys with Fe. The diffusion coefficients of Yb(Ⅲ) and Yb(Ⅱ ) in NaCl-KCl were determined to be 2.0× 10-5cm2. s- 1 and l .1 × 10-5cm2's- 1 at 760 ℃, respectively. The diffusion activation energy of Yb(Ⅲ ) was 66.0kJ•mol-1.

Key words: Yb(III) ion, Electroreduction, Molten salt