物理化学学报 >> 2002, Vol. 18 >> Issue (07): 613-616.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20020709

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

非水体系中电解镍中间产物制备纳米NiO

周幸福;韩爱杰;褚道葆;林昌健;田中群   

  1. 安徽师范大学化学与材料科学学院有机化学研究所,芜湖 241000;厦门大学固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室,厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2001-12-27 修回日期:2002-03-04 发布日期:2002-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 周幸福 E-mail:xingfuzhou@sina.com

Preparation of Nanocrystalline NiO by Electrochemical Dissolution of Nickel

Zhou Xing-Fu;Han Ai-Jie;Chu Dao-Bao;Lin Chang-Jian;Tian Zhong-Qun   

  1. College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000; 1State Key Laboratory for Physics Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005
  • Received:2001-12-27 Revised:2002-03-04 Published:2002-07-15
  • Contact: Zhou Xing-Fu E-mail:xingfuzhou@sina.com

摘要: 采用纯镍为阳极,乙酰丙酮和乙醇的混合溶液中加入少量有机胺导电盐为电解液,施加一定电流使镍溶解,然后将电解液直接水解,控制一定的水解条件,制备得到纳米NiO粉体. 采用拉曼光谱、红外光谱、元素分析、XRD 和TEM 分别对电解得到的纳米NiO前驱体和纳米NiO进行了分析与表征, 并探讨了电化学溶解镍金属法制备纳米NiO反应的影响因素.电化学溶解镍金属得到的前驱体为Ni(OEt)2(acac)2,这种不溶性镍醇盐配合物升温至40~50℃即可溶解于乙醇溶液中,可直接应用于溶胶凝胶(Solgel)过程.水解后的纳米NiO呈无定形结构, 350 ℃煅烧后形成立方晶型NaCl结构, 纳米NiO经600 ℃煅烧后粒径分布在5~10 nm. 该方法理论上为二价不溶性金属醇盐经溶胶凝胶工艺制备纳米氧化物材料提供了一条新的途径.

关键词: 电解, 镍阳极, 非水体系, 溶胶-凝胶, 纳米NiO, 拉曼光谱

Abstract: Metallic nickel was electrochemically dissolved in absolute ethanol and acetylacetone solution in the presence of Bu4NBr(as electronconductive additive). The electrolyte solution containing the precursor was then directly hydrolyzed to obtain nanocrystalline NiO. The precursor was characterized by FTIR、1HNMR、Raman spectra and the nanopowder was characterized by XRD and TEM. The results showed that the NiO powder after hydrolysis was amorphous but formed the cubic NaCl structure when calcined at 350 ℃,the NiO powder have a narrow size distribution of 5~10 nm after annealed at 600 ℃. Characterization of the electrochemical product revealed that Ni(OEt)2(acac)2 was formed by anode dissolution of nickel in ethanol and acetylacetone mixed solution. The experiments also showed that the precursor of the nanocrystalline NiO prepared by this method can be dissolved in ethanol solution when temperature increase to 40~50 ℃ region.

Key words: Electrolysis, Nickel anode, Sol-gel, Nanocrystalline NiO, Raman spectrum