物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (05): 737-742.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(08)60030-3

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

超临界条件下甲烷在纳米活性炭表面的吸附机理

郭亮; 吴占松   

  1. 清华大学热能工程系, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2007-10-11 修回日期:2008-01-24 发布日期:2008-05-05
  • 通讯作者: 吴占松 E-mail:wzs@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Mechanism of Methane’s Adsorption on Nanometer Active Carbon at Supercritical State

GUO Liang; WU Zhan-Song   

  1. Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China
  • Received:2007-10-11 Revised:2008-01-24 Published:2008-05-05
  • Contact: WU Zhan-Song E-mail:wzs@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

摘要: 在273-373 K、0-10 MPa范围内测量了甲烷在纳米活性炭表面的吸附等温线和等量吸附热. 结果发现, 在实验涉及的温度范围内, 吸附平衡特性在低压下能够很好地遵循Dubinin-Astakhov (DA)微孔填充模型, 但是当压力超过特定范围时, 吸附等温线及等量吸附热测量数据都与DA模型计算结果发生了偏离, 吸附行为更接近单层定位吸附.文中参照Cerofolini对亚单层吸附提出的Freundlich-Dubinin-Radushkevich (FDR)混合模型, 对纳米活性炭在较高压力条件下的吸附使用通用Freundlich (GF)模型进行了修正, 从而提出了一种分段模型GFDA. 根据GFDA模型对甲烷在广泛的压力范围内在纳米活性炭表面的吸附机理进行了完整的解释, 并对纳米活性炭表面的能量非均匀性进行了分析.

关键词: 超临界, 纳米活性炭, 吸附势, 甲烷

Abstract: Isosteric heats and adsorption isotherms of methane on nanometer active carbon were measured at supercritical temperature (273-373 K) and pressure from 0 to 10 MPa. The measured data agreed well with Dubinin-Astakhov (DA) model at lower pressure but failed when pressure exceeded a special range. General Freundlich (GF) equation was used to modify the DA equation at high pressure and thus formed a combined bisection model GFDA. The adsorption mechanism of methane on nanometer active carbon was raised according to GFDA model and the heterogeneous energy distribution of the adsorbent was analyzed.

Key words: Supercritical, Nanometer active carbon, Adsorption potential, Methane

MSC2000: 

  • O647