物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (10): 2613-2618.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100950

热力学、热化学和溶液化学 上一篇    下一篇

KDNBF 形貌控制及其对热分解行为和感度的影响

冯金玲1, 张建国1张同来1,  李志敏1, 杨利1, 王绍宗2   

  1. 1. 北京理工大学爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室,北京100081;
    2. 机械科学技术研究院,北京100083
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-12 修回日期:2010-06-22 发布日期:2010-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 张建国, 张同来 E-mail:zhangjianguobit@yahoo.com.cn, ztlbit@bit.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(20471008)和教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-09-0051)资助项目

Morphology Control and Its Influence on the DecompositionBehavior and Sensitivity of KDNBF

FENG Jin-Ling1, ZHANG Jian-Guo1ZHANG Tong-Lai1,  LI Zhi-Min1, YANG Li1, WANG Shao-Zong2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P. R. China;
    2. Academy of Machinery Science&Technology, Beijing 100083, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-03-12 Revised:2010-06-22 Published:2010-09-27
  • Contact: ZHANG Jian-Guo, ZHANG Tong-Lai E-mail:zhangjianguobit@yahoo.com.cn, ztlbit@bit.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20471008) and Programfor NewCentury Excellent Talents in Universities of the Ministry of Education of China (NCET-09-0051).

摘要:

通过7-羟基-4,6 -二硝基-5,7 -二氢苯并呋咱(DNBF) 的钠盐与硫酸钾在水溶液中反应, 制备得到DNBF 的钾盐(KDNBF). 在制备过程中加入不同表面活性剂, 得到了不同晶形的KDNBF 样品. 运用X 射线粉末衍射分析了单种晶形控制剂对样品晶形的影响. 采用差示扫描量热(DSC) 和热重(TG) 分析技术研究了不同晶形样品的热分解特性, 利用Kissinger 方法和Ozawa-Doyle 方法研究了样品第一放热分解峰的分解动力学过程. 结果表明球形样品与其它晶形的样品相比, 具有较低的分解温度、较高的活化能; 同时发现, 球形样品具有较高的摩擦和撞击感度与较低的火焰感度.

关键词: 热行为, 7-羟基-4,6 -二硝基-5,7 -二氢苯并呋咱钾, 晶形, 感度, 表面活性剂

Abstract:

The potassium salt of 7-hydroxy-4,6-dinitro-5,7-dihydrobenzofuroxanide (KDNBF) was prepared by a reaction of the sodium salt of DNBF with potassium sulfate in aqueous solution. Samples of KDNBF with different morphologies were obtained by adding various surfactants. The effect of a single surfactant on the sample morphology was determined withpowder X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. The thermal decomposition behaviors of KDNBF with different shapes were studied using differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) and thermogravimetry(TG) analyses. The kinetic parameters of the exothermic processes were studied by applying the Kissinger 's and Ozawa-Doyle 's methods. The results show that the spherical sample has a lower decomposition temperature and higher reaction activation energy than the other forms of the sample. Furthermore, impact sensitivity, flame sensitivity, and friction sensitivity tests indicated that the spherical KDNBF sample has stronger friction and impact sensitivities and weaker flame sensitivity.

Key words: Thermal behavior, Potassium salt of 7-hydroxy-4,6-dinitro-5,7-dihydrobenzo-furoxanide, Morphology, Sensitivity, Surfactant

MSC2000: 

  • O642