物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (3): 492-499.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201312301

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

合金元素Nd对Pb-Ag阳极在H2SO4溶液中电化学行为的影响

钟晓聪1, 桂俊峰1, 于枭影1, 刘芳洋1, 蒋良兴1,2, 赖延清1, 李劼1, 刘业翔1   

  1. 1 中南大学冶金与环境学院, 长沙410083;
    2 中南大学粉末冶金研究院, 长沙410083
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-01 修回日期:2013-12-30 发布日期:2014-02-27
  • 通讯作者: 蒋良兴 E-mail:lxjiang@csu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51204208,51374240),国家科技支撑计划课题(2012BAA03B04)和湖南省自然科学基金(13JJ1003)资助项目

Influence of Alloying Element Nd on the Electrochemical Behavior of Pb-Ag Anode in H2SO4 Solution

ZHONG Xiao-Cong1, GUI Jun-Feng1, YU Xiao-Ying1, LIU Fang-Yang1, JIANG Liang-Xing1,2, LAI Yan-Qing1, LI Jie1, LIU Ye-Xiang1   

  1. 1 School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, P. R. China;
    2 Powder Metallurgy Research Institute, Central South University, Changsha 410083, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-11-01 Revised:2013-12-30 Published:2014-02-27
  • Contact: JIANG Liang-Xing E-mail:lxjiang@csu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51204208, 51374240), National Science & Technology Pillar Program of China (2012BAA03B04), and Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (13JJ1003).

摘要:

采用循环伏安、线性扫描、电化学阻抗和环境扫描电镜对比研究了Pb-Ag和Pb-Ag-Nd阳极的阳极膜和析氧反应. 结果表明,合金元素Nd促进了Pb/PbOn/PbSO4 (1≤n<2)膜层的生长. 在高极化电位区间(高于1.20V (vs Hg/Hg2SO4/饱和K2SO4溶液)),Nd有利于低价铅的化合物(PbOn,PbSO4)向α-PbO2β-PbO2转变. 此外,环境扫描电镜形貌和线性扫描分析证明Pb-Ag-Nd表面生成的阳极膜较Pb-Ag的阳极膜更厚且更致密. 因此,Pb-Ag-Nd阳极表面的阳极膜可以给合金基底提供更好的保护. 另一方面,电化学阻抗测试揭示了两种阳极的析氧反应均受中间产物的形成和吸附控制. Nd可以降低阳极膜/电解液界面处中间产物的吸附阻抗且增加中间产物的覆盖率,从而提高析氧反应活性. 综上所述,合金元素Nd可提高Pb-Ag阳极的耐腐蚀性,降低阳极电位进而起到节能降耗的作用.

关键词: 电沉积, 阳极膜, 钝化, 析氧, 耐腐蚀性

Abstract:

Anodic layers and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) of Pb-Ag and Pb-Ag-Nd anodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). Alloying with Nd promoted the formation of Pb/PbOn/PbSO4 (1≤n<2). Nd facilitated the transformation of PbOn and PbSO4 to α-PbO2 and β-PbO2, at potential above 1.2 V vs Hg/Hg2SO4 (saturated K2SO4 solution). ESEM and LSV indicated that the anodic layer formed on the Pb-Ag-Nd anode was thicker and more compact than that formed on the Pb-Ag anode. Consequently, the anodic layer on the Pb-Ag-Nd anode could provide better protection for metallic substrates. EIS indicated that the OER was determined by the formation and adsorption of intermediates. Nd enhanced the OER reactivity, because of a smaller adsorption resistance and larger coverage of intermediates at the anodic layer/electrolyte interface. In summary, alloying with Nd can enhance the corrosion resistance and reduce the energy consumption of Pb-Ag anode due to lower anodic potential.

Key words: Electrowinning, Anodic layer, Passivation, Oxygen evolution, Corrosion resistance

MSC2000: 

  • O646