物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (4): 693-698.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201402121

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阴阳离子表面活性剂混合体系在克拉玛依油田中获得超低界面张力

赵海娜1,2, 程新皓2, 赵欧狄2, 黄建滨1,2, 刘晨江1, 赵波3   

  1. 1 新疆大学化学化工学院, 石油天然气精细化工教育部与新疆维吾尔自治区重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐830046;
    2 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 北京100871;
    3 新疆科力新技术发展有限公司, 新疆克拉玛依834099
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-31 修回日期:2014-01-25 发布日期:2014-03-31
  • 通讯作者: 黄建滨 E-mail:jbhuang@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973)(2013CB933800),教育部博士点研究基金及新疆维吾尔自治区高技术研究发展计划项目(201215138)资助

Mixed Cationic and Anionic Surfactant Systems Achieve Ultra-Low Interfacial Tension in the Karamay Oil Field

ZHAO Hai-Na1,2, CHENG Xin-Hao2, ZHAO Ou-Di2, HUANG Jian-Bin1,2, LIU Chen-Jiang1, ZHAO Bo3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Fine Chemicals, Ministry of Education & Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, College of Chemistry and chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, P. R. China;
    2 College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China;
    3 Xinjiang Keli New Technology Development Ltd., Karamay 834099, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-10-31 Revised:2014-01-25 Published:2014-03-31
  • Contact: HUANG Jian-Bin E-mail:jbhuang@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2013CB933800), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region High Technology Research and Development Program of China (201215138).

摘要:

利用阴阳离子表面活性剂复配技术,在克拉玛依油田实际油水体系中获得了超低界面张力. 通过添加非离子保护剂的第三组分,阴阳离子表面活性剂混合体系在克拉玛依油田回注水体系中的溶解度大大提高. 确定了相关体系能够获得超低界面张力的表面活性剂的浓度和混合的比例范围,在克拉玛依油田的多个实际油水体系中获得了具有较大复配比例和较低表面活性剂浓度的实际配方,其中部分体系油水界面张力可接近10-4 mN·m-1. 同时,这类阴阳离子表面活性剂混合体系具有很好的抗吸附能力,在石英砂吸附72 h后体系依然呈现优良的超低界面张力.

关键词: 阴阳离子表面活性剂, 非离子保护剂, 超低界面张力, 提高采收率, 抗吸附能力

Abstract:

Based on cationic and anionic surfactant mixed systems, ultra-low interfacial tension was achieved in the Karamay oil field systems. Upon the addition of a non-ionic third component, the solubility of the mixed cationic-anionic surfactant systems increased significantly. The mixed surfactant ratio and the concentration were determined by the application in the five areas of the Karamay oil field. The interfacial tension in some real systems was found to be around 10-4 mN·m-1. These cationic and anionic surfactant mixed systems have a super-resistance adsorption capacity. The results show that after 72 h of quartz adsorption, these systems can still reduce the interfacial tension to an ultra-low level.

Key words: Cationic and anionic surfactant, Non-ionic protectant, Ultra-low interfacial tension, Enhanced oil recovery, Resistance adsorption capacity

MSC2000: 

  • O648