物理化学学报 >> 2005, Vol. 21 >> Issue (02): 156-160.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20050209

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

VOx/ZrO2和K-VOx/ZrO2催化剂的结构与催化碳黑氧化性能

刘坚;赵震;徐春明   

  1. 石油大学重质油国家重点实验室,北京 102249
  • 收稿日期:2004-07-01 修回日期:2004-09-05 发布日期:2005-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 赵震 E-mail:zhenzhao@bjpeu.edu.cn

The Structures of VOx/ZrO2 and K-VOx/ZrO2 Catalysts and Their Catalytic Performances for Diesel Soot Oxidation

LIU Jian;ZHAO Zhen;XU Chun-Ming   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249
  • Received:2004-07-01 Revised:2004-09-05 Published:2005-02-15
  • Contact: ZHAO Zhen E-mail:zhenzhao@bjpeu.edu.cn

摘要: 采用等体积浸渍法制备两个系列不同V和K负载量的VOx/ZrO2和K-VOx/ZrO2催化剂.利用程序升温氧化反应(TPO)技术对VOx/ZrO2和K-VOx/ZrO2催化碳黑氧化的活性进行了考察.实验结果表明,当催化剂中V的负载量nV/nZr=4/100时, VOx/ZrO2催化剂的活性最好.添加K能显著改善VOx/ZrO2催化剂的活性,当K的添加量为nK∶nV∶nZr=1∶4∶100时,碳黑氧化的反应温度最低.催化剂的红外光谱和紫外-可见光谱表征的结果表明, nV/nZr=4/100时,催化剂的表面形成聚合的V物种浓度最大.由于聚合的V物种具有较强的氧化还原能力,因而能显著地降低柴油碳黑的氧化温度.当K-VOx/ZrO2催化剂中nK/nV超过1/4时,由于形成KVO3物种,催化剂表面原子的移动性减弱,因而催化活性降低.

关键词: 钒氧化物, 二氧化锆, 催化剂, 碳黑, 催化氧化

Abstract: Two systems of VOx/ZrO2 and K-VOx/ZrO2 catalysts with different compositions were prepared by incipient-wetness impregnation method. The catalytic performances of these catalysts for diesel soot catalytic oxidation were investigated with temperature-programmed oxidation reaction (TPO). The results showed that the catalytic properties of the VOx/ZrO2 catalysts depend on the VOx concentration. The VOx/ZrO2 catalyst has the best activity for soot oxidation when nV∶nZr is 4:100.The VOx/ZrO2 and K-VOx/ZrO2 catalysts were characterized by FT-IR and UV-Vis. The results revealed that the highest concentration of polymerized vanadyl species presented on the surfaces of the VOx/ZrO2 catalysts when nV∶nZr =4∶100.The polymerized vanadyl can lower the oxidation temperature of diesel soot because they have very strong redox abilities. The addition of potassium to VOx/ZrO2 catalysts can improve the catalytic activities for soot oxidation apparently. When nK∶nV∶nZr =1∶4∶100,the catalyst K-VOx/ZrO2 has the best activity for soot oxidation, i.e., the lowest reaction temperature. But the catalytic activity of the K- VOx/ZrO2 catalysts decreased when nK∶nV > 1∶4,which is due to the formation of KVO3 whose surface atoms mobility is much weaker than that of polymeric VOx specie and dispersed potassium oxide.

Key words: VOx, ZrO2, Catalyst, Soot, Catalytic oxidation