物理化学学报 >> 1985, Vol. 1 >> Issue (06): 511-516.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19850603

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

AP型破乳剂界面张力的研究

戴乐蓉; 李外郎; 朱德民; 梁国红   

  1. 北京大学化学系
  • 收稿日期:1985-02-04 修回日期:1985-04-18 发布日期:1985-12-15

STUDY OF THE INTERFACIAL TENSION OF WATER/KEROSENE WITH ADDED AP TYPE DEMULSIFIERS

Dai Lerong; Li Wailang; Zhu Demin; Liang Guohong   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Peking University
  • Received:1985-02-04 Revised:1985-04-18 Published:1985-12-15

摘要: 本文研究了煤油-水的界面张力随聚醚型非离子表面活性剂—AP型高效破乳剂浓度、分子中EO含量、PO链段在分子中的首尾分布和温度的变化, 并以多种原油的破乳实验为例, 讨论了它们与破乳作用的关系。

Abstract: The interracial tension of water/kerosene with added AP type polyoxyethyle- ne-polyoxypropylene block copolymers has been determined, as a function of con- centration of copolymer at 298 K and as a function of temperrature at fixed con- tent of copolymer. The result shows that the AP type polyoxyethylene-polyoxypro- pylene block copolymers exhibit a high interracial activity. The effects of EO con- tent and PO distribution in the AP type copolymers have been investigated. At low concentrations a linear decrease of lnγ as increasing of ln(c+1) was observed. The interfacial tension decreases with increasing temperature sharply. Primary experiments indicate that the AP type copolymers are very effective demulsifiers. The relation between interfacial tension and demulsification effect on several sources of crude oils has also been discussed.