物理化学学报 >> 2007, Vol. 23 >> Issue (06): 900-904.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20070620

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

功能高分子纳米材料的制备及其催化性能

佘世雄; 苏碧桃; 杨燕 敏世雄; 雷自强   

  1. 西北师范大学化学化工学院, 省部共建生态环境相关高分子材料教育部重点实验室, 甘肃省高分子材料重点实验室, 兰州 730070; 沈阳农业大学理学院, 沈阳 110161

  • 收稿日期:2006-11-13 修回日期:2007-01-29 发布日期:2007-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 苏碧桃 E-mail:subt0608@sina.com

Preparation of Functional Polymer Nanomaterial and Its Catalytic Property

SHE Shi-Xiong; SU Bi-Tao; YANG Yan; MIN Shi-Xiong; LEI Zi-Qiang   

  1. Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials of the Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Gansu Polymer Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P. R. China; College of Science, Shenyang Agriculture Uuniversity, Shenyang 110161, P. R. China

  • Received:2006-11-13 Revised:2007-01-29 Published:2007-06-04
  • Contact: SU Bi-Tao E-mail:subt0608@sina.com

摘要:

将两种具有不同结构的共轭高分子聚糠醇鄄苯酚(PFP-0)及聚对苯撑(PPP-0)分别在一定条件下热活化处理后, 成功地用作为染料废水处理催化剂PFP及PPP; 利用DTA-TG、TEM、FT-IR、UV-Vis等技术对样品进行了表征. 结果表明, PFP及PPP在自然光照射及空气氧存在的温和条件下, 很短时间内就能使染料亚甲基蓝(MB)几乎完全脱色降解和大部分矿化; 材料共轭结构对其稳定性能有较大的影响; 横向比较分析发现, 极性基团的存在, 对材料的催化性能有重要影响.

关键词: 功能高分子, 纳米材料, 制备, 催化性能

Abstract:

After properly heat-activating the polymers poly(furancarbinol-co-phenol) (PFP-0) and polyparaphenylene (PPP-0), two new functional polymer nanomaterials, PFP and PPP were obtained. Their properties as catalysts in water pollution treatment were studied. The samples were determined by means of DTA-TG, TEM, FT-IR, and UV-Vis. The results showed that under natural light and air conditions, dye methylene blue (MB) could be almost fully degraded and largely mineralized on them within a few minutes; the variation of the conjugation structure had great influence on their stabilities; compared with each other, the existence of polar groups was found to be decisive factor to the catalytic properties.

Key words: Functional polymer, Nanomaterial, Preparation, Catalytic property

MSC2000: 

  • O643