物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (01): 152-156.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080127

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

纳米镍包覆超细铝复合粉末的氧化性能

程志鹏; 杨毅; 王毅; 李苗苗; 李凤生   

  1. 南京理工大学国家特种超细粉体工程技术研究中心, 南京 210094
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-14 修回日期:2007-07-30 发布日期:2008-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 李凤生 E-mail:nano301@126.com

Oxidation Ability of Nanocrystalline Ni-Coated Al Powders

CHENG Zhi-Peng; YANG Yi; WANG Yi; LI Miao-Miao; LI Feng-Sheng   

  1. National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing 210094, P. R. China
  • Received:2007-06-14 Revised:2007-07-30 Published:2008-01-05
  • Contact: LI Feng-Sheng E-mail:nano301@126.com

摘要: 通过置换还原法, 快速、简洁、定量地制备出了纳米镍包覆的超细铝粉复合粉末. 利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、热重分析(TGA)、差示扫描量热(DSC)和X射线衍射(XRD)等分析手段对原料Al粉和复合粉末的形貌及其氧化性能进行研究. 结果表明, 原料Al粉在1050 ℃时增重率为122%, 当包覆的纳米镍粉质量分数为0.75%时, 可以使铝粉在1050 ℃时的增重率达到135%, 并且随着镍粉含量的增加, 铝粉的增重率进一步提高. 当镍的质量分数达到8.93%时, 复合粉末在约1000 ℃时出现点火燃烧现象. 纳米镍粉的氧传递对促进超细铝粉的氧化起到了至关重要的作用.

关键词: 铝粉; 纳米镍; 氧化; 包覆

Abstract: Nanocrystalline Ni-coated Al composite powders were prepared by a fast, simple and quantitative method. The morphology and oxidation ability of both raw Al powders and nano Ni-coated Al composite powders were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the weight growth rate of raw Al powders at 1050 ℃ was 122% and could be increased to 135% when covering the raw Al powders with 0.75%(w) nano-sized Ni particles. More covering content of Ni powders will further increase the weight growth rate of Al powders. The ignition and combustion behaviors of composite powders were observed at ca 1000 ℃ when the covering content of Ni went up to 8.93%(w). Due to its oxygen transfer ability, the nano Ni powders play a crucial role in enhancing the oxidation of superfine Al powders.

Key words: Aluminumpowder; Nano Ni; Oxidation; Coating

MSC2000: 

  • O644