物理化学学报 >> 1989, Vol. 5 >> Issue (05): 525 -530 .doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19890504

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

氯代烃光解活泼自由基的ESR研究

刘扬; 徐广智; 沙清桂   

  1. 中国科学院化学研究所; 清华大学化学系
  • 收稿日期:1988-02-01 修回日期:1988-05-31 发布日期:1989-10-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘扬

ESR STUDY ON THE PHOTOLYSIS OF CHLOROHYDROCARBONS

Liu Yang*; Xu Guangzhi; Sha Qinggui   

  1. Institute of Chemistry; Academia Sinica; Beijing; Department of Chemistry; Tsingkua University; Beijing
  • Received:1988-02-01 Revised:1988-05-31 Published:1989-10-15
  • Contact: Liu Yang

摘要: 本文用2,4-二硝基苯亚甲基特丁基氮氧化物(DNPBN)作自由基捕捉剂研究了氯代烃光解过程产生的自由基中间体。实验结果表明在汞灯照射下键能较低的多氯代烷烃分子中的碳-氯键极易发生均裂而产生碳中心自由基与活泼的氯原子, 并且后者可被DNPBN捕获, 形成颇为稳定的氮氧自由基加合物[Cl-DNPBN]~·。对多氯代苯,随着取代氯原子数目增多, 加合物[Cl-DNPBN]~·的ESR信号强度也明显增加。此外, DNPBN对氯原子的大量捕捉实验还证明它对氯原子是一种高效的特征捕捉剂。

Abstract: A new kind of nitrone, 2, 4,-dinitrophenyl-t-butyl nitrone (DNPBN), has been used for investigating the photolytic mechanism of chlorohydroearbon and trapping active chlorine atom and other C-centre radicals produced therein. The results show that under the irradiation of high-pressure mercury lamp, for polychlorohydrocarbon, the more the substitute chlorine atom, the easier the homolysis of C—Cl bond of its and seldem chlorine can be trapped from mono- or dichlorohydrocarbons. On the other hand, both chlorine, a more persistent adduct (Cl—DNPBN)~· than other famillar adducts, such as (Cl—PBN)~·, can be obtained.