物理化学学报 >> 1999, Vol. 15 >> Issue (02): 133-137.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19990208

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

锂离子二次电池碳负极材料的改性

吴宇平, 方世璧, 江英彦, 万春荣   

  1. 清华大学核能技术设计研究院,北京 102201|中国科学院化学研究所,北京 10080
  • 收稿日期:1998-04-08 修回日期:1998-07-09 发布日期:1999-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 吴宇平

Modification of Carbon Anode of Lithium lon Secondary Battery

Wu Yu-Ping, Fang Shi-Bi, Jiang Ying-Yan, Wan Chun-Rong   

  1. Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology,Tsinghua University,Beijing 102201|Institute of Chemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080
  • Received:1998-04-08 Revised:1998-07-09 Published:1999-02-15
  • Contact: Wu Yu-Ping

摘要:

通过热处理,得到了以密胺树脂为基体的掺杂有磷的碳材料,并用元素分析、XPS、XBD进行了分析.结果表明磷酸加入以后,对氮原子的含量影响不大,但其键合状态发生了变化,使有利于可逆容量提高的graphene氮的相对含量增加,导致碳材料的可逆容量随磷酸加入量的变化而发生变化,最大可逆容量可达516 mA••h•g-1.

关键词: 锂离子二次电池, 碳负极, 改性, 密胺树脂, 磷酸

Abstract:

Carbonaceous materials based upon melamine resin and doped with phosphorous were obtained by heat-treatment and were analyzed by elemental analysis, XPS and XRD. The results showed that the addition of phosphoric acid did not affect severely the content of nitrogen, but greatly affected the relative content of graphene nitrogen. The addition favors the increase of reversible lithium capacity. The addition of phosphoric acid resulted in a decrease of carbonization degree at lower temperature (600 ℃) and no much changes at higher temperature (800 ℃). The phosphorous added was dispersed homogeneously in the carbon materials and bonded not only with oxygen atom but also with the carbon structure, and the later bond was strengthened at higher temperature. All these factors lead to the changes of reversible capacity. At lower temperature,the reversible capacity below 0.9 V decreased with the amount of added phosphoric acid, while at higher temperature, the reversible capacity above 0.9 V increased. The reversible capacity of the carbon obtained in this work can reach 516 mA•h•g-1.

Key words: Lithium ion secondary battery, Carbon anode, Modification, Melamine resin, Phosphoric acid