物理化学学报 >> 1999, Vol. 15 >> Issue (07): 588-592.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19990703

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

超临界干燥法制备Fe2O3-SiO2气凝胶

甘礼华, 李光明, 岳天仪, 张明, 吴建文, 陈龙武   

  1. 同济大学化学系,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:1998-09-23 修回日期:1998-12-08 发布日期:1999-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 甘礼华

Preparation of Fe2O3-SiO2 Aerogels by Supercritical Drying Technique

Gan Li-Hua, Li Guang-Ming, Yue Tian-Yi, Zhang Ming, Wu Jian-Wen, Chen Long-Wu   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Tongji Uiversity,Shanghai 200092
  • Received:1998-09-23 Revised:1998-12-08 Published:1999-07-15
  • Contact: Gan Li-Hua

摘要:

以正硅酸乙酯(TEOS)和硝酸铁为原料,采用溶胶-凝胶法和超临界干燥工艺制备了Fe2O3-SiO2气凝胶,研究了Fe2O3-SiO2醇凝胶的形成条件的影响,并对所得气凝胶样品结构特性进行了初步表征.所得气凝胶样品是由直径约8nm的胶体粒子构成的低密度、高孔隙率的块状非晶固态材料.

关键词: 气凝胶, Fe2O3-SiO2, 制备, 超临界干燥, 溶胶-凝胶过程

Abstract:

 Fe2O3-SiO2 aerogels have been prepared from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and ferric nitrate by sol-gel process and supercritical drying technique, and the structure of the aerogel samples has been characterized. The final aerogels which consist of colloidal particles with diameters of about 8 nm were found to be monolithic non-crystalline solid materials with low density and high porosity. The effect of forming conditions of Fe2O3-SiO2 alcogels was also studied, showing that the presence of ferric nitrate aqueous solution in the co-culture medium is essential for efficient preparation and the highest effective concentration of feric nitrate solution is 0. 3500 mol•L-1 over pH range 0 ~ 3 in the sol-gel process. Results were compared with those obtained in measuring single SiO2 aerogels, the strength and the specific surface area of the resultant aerogel samples can be improved apparently by the addition of Fe3+ to the precursor solution in sol-gel process, and the density, specific surface area of the resultant aerogel samples can be controlled by adjusting the concentration, pH value of ferric nitrate aqueous solution. The specific surface area of the aerogel sample can achieve as high as 625. 4 m2• g-1 when the concentration of ferric nitrate aqueous solution is 0.1736 mol•.L -1 at pH=2. 

Key words: Aerogel, Fe2O3-SiO2, Preparation, Supercritical drying, Sol-gel process