物理化学学报 >> 1990, Vol. 6 >> Issue (04): 499-503.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19900421

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环脲硝胺化合物的性能和电子结构之间的关系II. 水解安定性

肖鹤鸣; 唐泽华; 陈里; 邓娅   

  1. 华东工学院化学系,南京
  • 收稿日期:1988-12-08 修回日期:1989-09-30 发布日期:1990-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 肖鹤鸣

The Relations Between Properties and Electronic Structure of Cyclourea Nitroamine Compounds II. Hydrolytic Stability

Xiao He-Ming; Tang Ze-Hua; Chen Li; Deng Ya   

  1. East China Institute of Technology, Nanjing
  • Received:1988-12-08 Revised:1989-09-30 Published:1990-08-15
  • Contact: Xiao He-Ming

Abstract: The eleven title compounds are classified into three series according to their molecular structure having mono-, bi- and tri-condensed ring system, respectively. For each series the hydrolytic stabilities decrease with the increase of the calculated CNDO/2 net positive charge on C atom of carbonyl group. This relation supports the kinetic hydrolysis mechanism, in which the hydrolysis reaction is initiated by the nucleophylic attack on the C atom of the carbonyl group. It can be applied to predict the relative stsbility of some cyclourea nitroamines by means of similar theoretically calculated parameters. For bi- and tri-condensed ring compounds, which have V- and U-type optimized configurations respecively, the steric hindrance due to the C=O group covering large —CH_2C(NO_2)_3 group plays an important role also, especially for the V-type bi-condensed ring compounds.