物理化学学报 >> 2007, Vol. 23 >> Issue (01): 50-54.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(07)60004-7

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

醇与丙烯酸酯的介电弛豫性质

DHARMALINGAM K.;RAMACHANDRAN K.;SIVAGURUNATHAN P.;KALAMSE G. M.   

  1. Department of Physics, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002, Tamilnadu, India; Postgraduate Department of Physics, Science College, Nanded-431605, Maharashtra, India
  • 收稿日期:2006-07-06 修回日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2007-01-08
  • 通讯作者: DHARMALINGAM K. E-mail:mukdhar97@rediffmail.com

Dielectric Relaxation Properties of Alcohols and Acrylic Esters

DHARMALINGAM K.;RAMACHANDRAN K.;SIVAGURUNATHAN P.;KALAMSE G. M.   

  1. Department of Physics, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002, Tamilnadu, India; Postgraduate Department of Physics, Science College, Nanded-431605, Maharashtra, India
  • Received:2006-07-06 Revised:2006-08-25 Published:2007-01-08
  • Contact: DHARMALINGAM K. E-mail:mukdhar97@rediffmail.com

摘要: Dielectric relaxation of alcohols (1-propanol, 1-butanol, sec-butanol, tert-butanol, 1-pentanol, 1-heptanol, 1-octanol, and 1-decanol) with acrylic esters (methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, and butyl methacrylate) at 9.84 GHz were studied in n-heptane at 298 K. The result showed that 1:1 complex was predominant in these systems. The relaxation time showed a linear dependence with alkyl chain length of both alcohols and acrylic esters, but the dielectric constant showed a reverse trend. A comparative study of the free energy of activation for the dielectric relaxation and viscous flow suggested that a greater interference by neighboring atom was observed in the process of viscous flow than in dielectric relaxation, as the latter involved rotational form of motion, whereas the viscous flow involved both rotational and translational forms of motion.

关键词: Dielectric relaxation, Alcohols;Acrylic esters, Hydrogen bonding, Solvent effects

Abstract: Dielectric relaxation of alcohols (1-propanol, 1-butanol, sec-butanol, tert-butanol, 1-pentanol, 1-heptanol, 1-octanol, and 1-decanol) with acrylic esters (methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, and butyl methacrylate) at 9.84 GHz were studied in n-heptane at 298 K. The result showed that 1:1 complex was predominant in these systems. The relaxation time showed a linear dependence with alkyl chain length of both alcohols and acrylic esters, but the dielectric constant showed a reverse trend. A comparative study of the free energy of activation for the dielectric relaxation and viscous flow suggested that a greater interference by neighboring atom was observed in the process of viscous flow than in dielectric relaxation, as the latter involved rotational form of motion, whereas the viscous flow involved both rotational and translational forms of motion.

Key words: Dielectric relaxation, Alcohols;Acrylic esters, Hydrogen bonding, Solvent effects