物理化学学报 >> 1994, Vol. 10 >> Issue (11): 1009-1014.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19941109

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

CO和NO在Rh-V/SiO2上吸附的红外光谱研究

李新生, 辛勤, 张慧, 李峻, 周建略, 陈耀强, 陈豫   

  1. 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所,催化基础国家重点实验室,大连 116023|四川大学分析测试中心,成都 610064|四川大学化学系,成都 610064
  • 收稿日期:1993-11-06 修回日期:1994-03-15 发布日期:1994-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 辛勤

Characterization of CO and/or NO Adsorbed on Reduced Rh-V/SiO2 Catalyst by Infraed Spectroscopy

Li Xin-Sheng, Xin Qin, Zhang Hui, Li Jun, Zhou Jian-Lue, Chen Yao-Qiang, Chen Yu   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis,Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Dalian 116023|Analytical Testing Center,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610064|Department of Chemistry,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610064
  • Received:1993-11-06 Revised:1994-03-15 Published:1994-11-15
  • Contact: Xin Qin

摘要:

应用原位红外光谱研究了CO和NO在还原态Rh/SiO2,Rh-V/SiO2催化剂上的化学吸附. 573K氢还原后,Rh/SiO2上的部分Rh中心处于Rh0和Rhδ+(δ≤1)两种状态,加入助剂V后,Rh与V之间发生了某种化学作用,这种作用有利于Rh金属向钒离子转移电子生成Rhδ+中心. 由CO和NO共吸附结果可得:NO对CO吸附具有两种影响,一是取代CO,二是使Rh0中心部分氧化生成Rhδ+中心.在CO+NO共吸附中,还可能生成新的吸附物种RhCONO,Rh(CO)2NO.

关键词: CO和NO化学吸附, 红外光谱, 铑-钒催化剂

Abstract:

In situ infrared spectroscopy has been used to study CO and/or NO adsorbed on reduced as/SiO2 and Rh-V/SiO2 catalysts. On Rh/SiO2 catalyst reduced at 573K,CO adsorption results in the formation of linear and bridged CO species as well as gem-dicarbonyl to give adsorption bands at 2060, 1867, 2085 and 2028cm-1 respectively; NO adsorption bands appeared at 1726 and 1650cm-1 .However, on V/SiO2 catalyst reduced at 573K, no CO bands were observed, and two NO bands appeared at 1907 and 1810cm-1.Furthermore, the NO bands shifted to 1890 and 1756cm-1 when the V/SiO2 catalyst was reduced at 773K. Introduction of vanadium to the An/SiO2 catalyst showed a slight effect on the intensity of the gem-dicarbonyl species and particularlly caused a remarkable decrease of the linear and bridged CO species in intensities. Simultaneously, the high frequeny band of the gem-dicarbonyl shifted upwards by about 10cm-1. These results indicate that the electron transfer from Rh0 to vanadium ions was enhanced in Rh-V/SiO2 catalyst. Also promotion of reduction of V oxide by Rh was observed during the pretreatment of Rh-V/SiO2 catalyst as detected by ESR experiment. From the results of CO and No coadsorption, it was found that the absorbed NO species decreased CO adsorption on Rh, particularly, the linear CO species was completely disappeared. For the effects of NO adsorption on CO adsorption, there are two possibilities: (1) direct replacement of CO with NO, (2) oxidation of Rh0 sites through NO dissociative adsorption. During the coadsorption, two possible intermediates, i.e., RhCONO and Rh(CO)2NO, were suggested for the surface process, which requires further investigation. 

Key words: CO and/or NO adsorption, IR spectoscopy, Rh-V/SiO2 catalyst