物理化学学报 >> 1994, Vol. 10 >> Issue (06): 555-559.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19940614

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

氯化钙/水-醇溶液稀释热

张雅明, 王延儒, 时钧   

  1. 南京化工学院化学工程系,南京 210009
  • 收稿日期:1993-02-17 修回日期:1993-06-07 发布日期:1994-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 张雅明

Enthalpies of Dilution of Calcium Chloride in Aqueous Solution of Alcohols

Zhang Ya-Ming, Wang Yan-Ru, Shi Jun   

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Chemical Technology, Nanjing 210009
  • Received:1993-02-17 Revised:1993-06-07 Published:1994-06-15
  • Contact: Zhang Ya-Ming

关键词: 稀释热, 氯化钙, 甲醇, 醇类

Abstract:

The enthalpy of dilution of a solution collaining calcium chloride in aqueousmethanol mixture has been determind with LKB-2107 flow microcalorimeter at 298.15 K. The mole fractions of methanol of the mixed solveds x_a were 0.00, 0.24, 0.45, 0.75, 0.87, 0.91, 0.95 and 1.00 respectively. The eaperimental results were correlated with an extended form of the Debye-Huckel equation. Combining with our former works, the enthalpy of dilution at infinite dilution at 0.5 mol·kg~(-1), -ΔH_D~∞ (m=0.5, x_a), for the systems CaCl_2/H_2O-CH_3OH, —C_2H_5OH. -n-C_3H_7OH were calculated. The results obtained indicated that, -ΔH—D~∞ of the three systems change with compositions of the mixed solvent, x_a and thier maximum values are at about 0.87 to 0.95 mole fractions. -ΔH—D~∞ increase with increasing of carbon atom number of alcohols at the same x_a.

Key words: Enthalpy of dilution, Calcium chloride, Methanol, Alcohols