物理化学学报 >> 2005, Vol. 21 >> Issue (12): 1373-1377.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20051209

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

一种新BCN化合物先驱体的合成及其表征

杨建;丘泰;沈春英   

  1. 南京工业大学材料科学与工程学院, 南京 210009
  • 收稿日期:2005-05-18 修回日期:2005-07-11 发布日期:2005-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 杨建 E-mail:yangjian1976@163.com

Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Precursor for BCN Compound

YANG Jian;QIU Tai;SHEN Chun-Ying   

  1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009
  • Received:2005-05-18 Revised:2005-07-11 Published:2005-12-15
  • Contact: YANG Jian E-mail:yangjian1976@163.com

摘要: 以三聚氰胺和硼酸为原料在水溶液中反应合成了一种新的BCN化合物先驱体, 通过元素分析、XRD、FT-IR、电喷雾质谱及单晶X射线衍射对其进行了表征. 结构分析表明该化合物属单斜晶系, 化学式为C3H6N6(H3BO3)2, 是由C3H6N6分子和H3BO3分子通过氢键加合组装成的具有三维超分子结构的化合物. 将该先驱体在1900 ℃氮气气氛下热解, 对产物进行XRD和XPS表征, 结果表明得到了含碳量较低的具有乱层石墨结构的新型B3CN3化合物.

关键词: 先驱体, 合成, 晶体结构, B3CN3化合物, 热解

Abstract: A novel precursor for BCN compound, C3H6N6(H3BO3)2, was synthesized with C3H6N6 melamine and H3BO3 as raw materials in aqueous solution. The precursor was characterized by elementary analysis, XRD, FT-IR, electrospray mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray diffraction. It revealed that the precursor contained the characteristic groups of C3H6N6 and H3BO3 such as triazine ring, NH2, and B—OH. The precursor crystallized in monoclinic space group P2l/c, with the cell parameters a=0.35970(7) nm, b=2.0105(4) nm, c=1.4112(3) nm, β=92.07(3)°, Z=4. One crystallographically distinct C3H6N6 molecule and two H3BO3 molecules constituted the asymmetric unit of the precursor. A 3D supramolecular network was constructed by different hydrogen-bonding interactions between C3H6N6 and H3BO3 molecules. The precursor was further pyrolyzed at 1900 ℃ under flowing N2 atmosphere. XRD and XPS analysis were applied for the characterization of the pyrolysis product. The results indicated that a new BCN ternary compound with turbostratic graphite structure was obtained. B—N, B—C, and C—N chemical bonds were established and there was no phase separation between graphite and h-BN, which suggests an atomic-level hybrid of B, C, and N elements in the compound. The BCN compound has lower carbon content and its empirical formula can be expressed as B3CN3.

Key words: Precursor, Synthesis, Crystal structure, B3CN3 compound, Pyrolysis