物理化学学报 >> 2003, Vol. 19 >> Issue (11): 1010-1014.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20031105

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

聚偏氟乙烯全反式分子链振动模式的研究

李吉超;王春雷;钟维烈   

  1. 山东大学物理与微电子学院,济南 250100
  • 收稿日期:2003-04-01 修回日期:2003-06-30 发布日期:2003-11-15

Vibrational Modes Analysis of Poly (vinylidene fluoride) All-trans Molecular Chain

Li Ji-Chao;Wang Chun-Lei;Zhong Wei-Lie   

  1. School of Physics and Microelectronics, Shandong University, Jinan 250100
  • Received:2003-04-01 Revised:2003-06-30 Published:2003-11-15

摘要: 利用ab initio分子轨道计算,对β相聚偏氟乙烯(PVDF)的全反式分子链进行了结构优化,计算值和实验值基本符合,且发现C-C-C键角有两种不同的值,112.8°和113.3°.对该分子的频率进行了计算,得到了红外强度谱.在400~4 000 cm-1范围内,对30 μm厚的聚偏氟乙烯取向膜和取向极化膜进行了红外光谱的测量,红外吸收光谱和红外强度谱基本一致.把所有振动模式分成六个系列:系列Ⅰ(544~415 cm-1),系列Ⅱ(913~792 cm-1),系列Ⅲ(1 353~998 cm-1),系列Ⅳ(1 458~1 361 cm-1),系列Ⅴ和系列Ⅵ.其中只有系列Ⅲ能改变分子的电偶极矩,该系列振动模式和β相的PVDF的自发极化有着密切的关系.

关键词: 红外光谱, 聚偏氟乙烯, 振动模式, Ab initio 分子轨道计算

Abstract: Ab initio molecular orbital calculation was employed to optimized the geometry structure of poly (vinylidine fluoride) (PVDF) all-trans molecule. The calculated result is consistent with that of experiment. In our calculation, two different values of bond angle C-C-C were found, i.e.112.8° and 113.3°.The infrared intensity spectrum was obtained from frequencies calculation of the all-trans molecule. In the range of 400~4 000 cm-1,the IR spectra of polarized and unpolarized β-phase PVDF film (30 μm thick) have been measured. The calculated IR intensity spectrum is in good agreement with observed IR spectrum. The vibrational modes in the range of 400~4 000 cm-1 were divided into six series, series Ⅰ(544~415 cm-1), series Ⅱ(913~792 cm-1), series Ⅲ(1 353~998 cm-1), series Ⅳ(1 458~1 361 cm-1), seriesⅤand Ⅵ. Only series Ⅲ of all the vibrational modes causes the change of the dipole moment of PVDF molecule, and is related to the spontaneous polarization.

Key words: IR spectrum, PVDF, Vibrational modes, Ab initio molecular orbital calculation