物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (06): 939-944.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(08)60040-6

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

离子液体AlCl3/Et3NHCl中电沉积法制备金属铝

高丽霞; 王丽娜; 齐涛; 李玉平; 初景龙; 曲景奎   

  1. 中国科学院过程工程研究所, 绿色过程与工程院重点实验室, 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2008-01-21 修回日期:2008-02-27 发布日期:2008-06-03
  • 通讯作者: 齐涛 E-mail:tqi@home.ipe.ac.cn

Electrodeposition of Aluminium from AlCl3/Et3NHCl Ionic Liquids

GAO Li-Xia; WANG Li-Na; QI Tao; LI Yu-Ping; CHU Jing-Long; QU Jing-Kui   

  1. Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-01-21 Revised:2008-02-27 Published:2008-06-03
  • Contact: QI Tao E-mail:tqi@home.ipe.ac.cn

摘要: 在AlCl3/Et3NHCl型离子液体中铝电极上通过恒电位电解沉积制备出金属铝. 测定了不同摩尔比的AlCl3/Et3NHCl离子液体在不同温度下的电导率, 考察了离子液体AlCl3/Et3NHCl摩尔比为2/1中Al电极上铝沉积的晶核成核过程, 以及恒电位电解沉积铝的工艺条件对电流效率和沉积铝表面形貌的影响. 结果表明, 不同比例AlCl3/Et3NHCl离子液体的电导率随温度升高而升高, 符合Arrhenius规律; 在Al电极上铝沉积的成核机理为三维瞬时成核过程; 恒电位电解沉积结果表明, 室温下在电位-2.4 V(vs Pt)和电解时间20 min条件下, 沉积铝的表面形貌比较平整致密,电流效率达73%, 沉积铝的纯度达96%(w).

关键词: 铝, 电沉积, 电化学, 离子液体

Abstract: Aluminum was successfully electrodeposited on Al electrodes from aluminum chloride (AlCl3)/triethylamine hydrochloride (Et3NHCl) ionic liquids by the constant potential electrolysis. Electrical conductivities of AlCl3/Et3NHCl ionic liquids were measured as a function of the temperature and composition. The nucleation processes and the influence of experimental conditions on the current efficiency and surface morphology of aluminum electrodeposits were studied on Al electrodes from 2:1 molar ratio AlCl3/Et3NHCl ionic liquid. The electrical conductivities of ionic liquids increased as the electrolyte temperature increased, following the Arrhenius behavior. Analyses of the chronoamperograms indicated that the deposition process of aluminium on Al substrates was controlled by instantaneous nucleation with diffusion-controlled growth. Constant potential deposition experiments showed that the electrodeposits obtained on Al electrodes were dense, continuous, and well adherent, and the current efficiency was 73% at -2.4 V ( vs Pt) for 20 min electrolysis at room temperature. The purity of aluminum electrodeposits on Al electrodes was above 96% (w).

Key words: Aluminium, Electrodeposition, Electrochemistry, Ionic liquid

MSC2000: 

  • O646