物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (06): 1017-1022.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080618

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

氧化钒/多孔硅/硅结构的微观形貌、纳米力学及温敏特性

杨海波; 胡明; 梁继然; 张绪瑞; 刘志刚   

  1. 天津大学电子信息工程学院, 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2008-01-15 修回日期:2008-02-26 发布日期:2008-06-03
  • 通讯作者: 杨海波; 胡明 E-mail:yanghaibo23@163.com;huming@tju.edu.cn

Microstructure, Nano-Mechanical and Temperature Sensitive Properties of VOx/Porous Silicon/Si Structure

YANG Hai-Bo; HU Ming; LIANG Ji-Ran; ZHANG Xu-Rui; LIU Zhi-Gang   

  1. School of Electronic Information Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-01-15 Revised:2008-02-26 Published:2008-06-03
  • Contact: YANG Hai-Bo; HU Ming E-mail:yanghaibo23@163.com;huming@tju.edu.cn

摘要: 采用电化学腐蚀法在硅基片表面形成多孔硅, 利用直流对靶反应磁控溅射方法在不同电流密度条件下制备的多孔硅样品表面上溅射沉积了VOx薄膜, 获得了氧化钒/多孔硅/硅(VOx/PS/Si)结构. 采用场发射扫描电镜(FESEM)观测多孔硅及VOx/PS/Si结构的微观形貌, 采用纳米压痕仪器测量VOx/PS/Si结构的纳米力学特性, 通过电阻-功率曲线分析研究其温度敏感特性. 实验结果表明, 在40和80 mA·cm-2电流密度下制备多孔硅的平均孔径分别为18和24 nm, 用显微拉曼光谱法(MRS)测量其热导率分别为3.282和1.278 kW·K-1; VOx/PS/Si结构的电阻随功率变化的平均速率分别为60×109和100×109 Ω·W-1, VOx/PS/Si结构的显微硬度分别为1.917和0.928 GPa. 实验结果表明, 多孔硅的微观形貌对VOx/PS/Si结构的纳米力学及温敏特性有很大的影响, 大孔隙率多孔硅基底上制备的VOx/PS/Si 结构比小孔隙率多孔硅基底上制备的具有更高的温度灵敏度, 但其机械稳定性也随之下降.

关键词: 氧化钒, 多孔硅, 微观结构, 纳米力学, 温敏特性

Abstract: Porous silicon (PS) was formed on the surface of silicon wafer by electrochemical etching method under different current densities. In order to form VOx/PS/Si structure, vanadium oxide thin films were deposited on PS surface utilizing novel facing targets DC reactive sputtering technique. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) was utilized to observe the microstructure of PS and VOx/PS/Si structure, the nano-mechanical property of VOx/PS/Si structure was studied by nanoindentor instrument, and the temperature sensitive property was analyzed with resistance-power curves. The results showed that the average pore sizes of PS samples prepared under current densities of 40 and 80 mA·cm-2 were 18 and 24 nm, and the thermal conductivities tested by micro Raman spectroscopy were 3.282 and 1.278 kW·K-1, respectively. The average speeds of resistance varying with power for VOx/PS/Si structure were 60×109 and 100×109 Ω·W-1, and the nano-hardness were 1.917 and 0.928 GPa, respectively. The experimental results indicated that the microstructure of PS had great influence on the nano-mechanical property and temperature sensitivity of VOx/PS/Si structure; this structure formed on PS with high porosity had better temperature sensitivity than PS with low porosity, but a worse mechanical stability.

Key words: Vanadiumoxide, Porous silicon, Microstructure, Nano-mechanical, Temperature sensitivity

MSC2000: 

  • O647