物理化学学报 >> 2005, Vol. 21 >> Issue (05): 468-473.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20050502

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

M/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y(M=Ni、Co、Cu)催化剂的催化甲烷燃烧性能

李永昕; 郭玉华; 冀永强   

  1. 宁夏大学天然气转化自治区重点实验室, 银川    750021
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-08 修回日期:2004-11-09 发布日期:2005-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 李永昕 E-mail:liyx@nxu.edu.cn

Catalytic Activity of M/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y (M=Ni, Co, Cu) Catalysts for Methane Combustion

LI Yong-Xin; GUO Yu-Hua; JI Yong-Qiang   

  1. Key Laboratory of Natural Gas Conversion of Ningxia, Ningxia University, Yinchuan    750021
  • Received:2004-09-08 Revised:2004-11-09 Published:2005-05-15
  • Contact: LI Yong-Xin E-mail:liyx@nxu.edu.cn

摘要: 采用溶胶凝胶法制备了M/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y(M=Ni、Co、Cu)催化剂. 研究了催化剂Ni/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y催化活性与Ce含量的关系, 当y=0.9时, 催化剂的活性和稳定性最好. 对比研究了(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1为载体, 负载Ni、Co、Cu活性组分的催化剂催化甲烷燃烧性能. 结果表明, 负载Cu的催化剂活性最好, 但二次评价后催化剂已烧结;负载Ni的催化剂活性与负载Cu的催化剂相差不大, 且稳定性最好, 经1000 ℃焙烧的Ni/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1催化剂比表面仍有14.32 m2•g-1, 具有较高的催化活性和很好的热稳定性;负载Co的催化剂活性不如前两者, 稳定性居中, 但比表面降低得最少, 抗烧结能力强.

关键词: 甲烷, 催化燃烧, (MgO)y(CeO2)1-y载体, Ni、Co、Cu活性物质

Abstract: A sol-gel method was employed to prepare M/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y (M=Ni, Co, Cu) catalyst for methane combustion. The relationship between the catalytic activity of Ni/(MgO)y(CeO2)1-y and the content of Ce was studied. Ni/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 was found to have the highest catalytic activity and the best thermal stability. The effect of the activity of M/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 (M=Ni, Co, Cu) on combustion of methane was investigated. Cu/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 had the highest activity, but was sintered after second evaluation. The catalytic activity of Ni/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 catalyst was similar to that of Cu/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 catalyst and Ni/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 catalyst had the best thermal stability. Co/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 catalyst exhibited the lowest activity and a mediate stability, it retained a large specific surface area after second evaluation. Ni/(MgO)0.9(CeO2)0.1 catalyst calcined at 1000 ℃ still had a specific surface area of 14.32 m2•g-1 and high catalytic activity as well as good thermal stability.

Key words: Methane, Catalytic combustion, (MgO)y(CeO2)1-y support, Ni, Cu, Co active component