物理化学学报 >> 2009, Vol. 25 >> Issue (09): 1769-1774.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090831

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

利用牛血清蛋白合成CdS纳米棒和网状纳米线

王晓坡, 许红涛, 陶磊明, 武艳强, 安艳清, 杜祖亮, 武四新   

  1. 河南大学, 特种功能材料教育部重点实验室, 河南 开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-26 修回日期:2009-05-14 发布日期:2009-09-03
  • 通讯作者: 武四新 E-mail:wusixin@henu.edu.cn

Syntheses of Cadmium Sulfide Nanorods and Network Nanowires by Bovine Serum Albumin

WANG Xiao-Po, XU Hong-Tao, TAO Lei-Ming, WU Yan-Qiang, AN Yan-Qing, DU Zu-Liang, WU Si-Xin   

  1. Key Laboratory of Special Functional Materials, Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-03-26 Revised:2009-05-14 Published:2009-09-03
  • Contact: WU Si-Xin E-mail:wusixin@henu.edu.cn

摘要:

采用简单易控、对环境友好的矿化方法, 利用牛血清蛋白(BSA)做模板, 通过Cd2+与硫代乙酰胺(TAA)反应制备了形貌均一的CdS纳米棒和网状纳米线. 分别采用透射电子显微镜(TEM)、X射线能谱(EDS)、X射线衍射(XRD)、荧光(PL)发射谱和导电原子力显微镜(C-AFM)等方法对不同实验温度下制备的CdS样品的结构形貌、成分组成和光学性质及微区电子传输行为进行了表征. 结果表明: 在实验反应温度为20 ℃时, 得到的产物为单分散性好的CdS 纳米棒, 长度为250 nm, 直径为30 nm; 在50 ℃时, 得到网状CdS纳米线, 其长度为2-3 μm; CdS纳米棒和网状纳米线均为立方相闪锌矿结构. 荧光性质的测试表明, CdS纳米棒和网状纳米线具有优良的荧光性能, 电流-电压(I-V)特性的表征表明CdS纳米线具有很好的电导特性.

关键词: 纳米棒, CdS, 网状纳米线, 牛血清蛋白, 荧光, 电流-电压特性

Abstract:

Highly ordered CdS nanorods and network nanowires were prapared by reacting cadmium ions with thioacetamide (TAA) using bovine serumalbumin (BSA) as a biomineralization template with a facile and environmentally benign biomineralization method. The morphology, elemental composition, optical property, and microelectronic transmission behavior of the samples synthesized at different reaction temperatures were characterized by means of transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) emission spectroscopy, and conductivity-atomic force microscopy (C-AFM). Results showed that when the experimental temperature was 20 ℃, monodispersed CdS nanorods with sizes of about 30 nm in diameter and 250 nm in length were obtained; and at 50 ℃, a network of CdS nanowires of about 2-3 μm in length were fabricated. CdS nanorods and nanowires showed a cubic zinc blended structure. Characterization of their fluorescence property showed that CdS nanorods and nanowires had excellent fluorescence. Moreover, characterization of their current-voltage (I-V) characteristics showed that CdS nanowires had good conductivity.

Key words: Nanorods, Cadmiumsulfide, Network nanowires, Bovine serumalbumin, Fluorescence, Current-voltage characteristics

MSC2000: 

  • O648