物理化学学报 >> 2011, Vol. 27 >> Issue (06): 1287-1299.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110603

综述 上一篇    下一篇

p-型和pn-型染料敏化太阳能电池

史继富, 徐刚, 苗蕾, 徐雪青   

  1. 中国科学院广州能源研究所, 中国科学院可再生能源与天然气水合物重点实验室, 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-29 修回日期:2011-03-01 发布日期:2011-05-31
  • 通讯作者: 徐刚 E-mail:xugang@ms.giec.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(21073193), 中国科学院广州能源研究所所长创新基金(y007r71001)和国家高技术研究发展计划(863) (2009AA032233)资助项目

p-Type and pn-Type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

SHI Ji-Fu, XU Gang, MIAO Lei, XU Xue-Qing   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy and Gas Hydrate, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-12-29 Revised:2011-03-01 Published:2011-05-31
  • Contact: XU Gang E-mail:xugang@ms.giec.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21073193), Director Innovation Foundation of Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (y007r71001) and National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (863) (2009AA032233).

摘要:

针对 (1) p-型染料敏化太阳能电池(DSCs)存在的科学问题, 即光阴极染料的吸附量偏低和电池内部的暗反应比较严重和(2) pn-型DSCs存在的光阳极和光阴极不匹配等问题, 从电极、染料和电解质三个方面系统综述了p-型和pn-型DSCs的研究进展并分析了问题可行的解决方案, 最后对p-型和pn-型DSCs的发展前景进行了展望.

关键词: p-型染料敏化太阳能电池, pn-型染料敏化太阳能电池, NiO, 染料, 电解质

Abstract:

In view of the scientific issues lying behind (1) the p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) (the limited dye loading on the NiO film and serious charge recombination between the reduced dyes and the holes generated in the NiO) and (2) pn-type DSCs (mismatching of photoanode and photocathode), we review the recent progress of the electrodes, dyes, and electrolytes for these types of solar cells. The feasible solution of these issues is discussed and, at last, the future development of these types of solar cells is prospected.

Key words: p-type dye-sensitized solar cells, pn-type dye-sensitized solar cells, NiO, Dye, Electrolyte

MSC2000: 

  • O646