物理化学学报 >> 2012, Vol. 28 >> Issue (07): 1745-1750.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201205082

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

枝晶状Pt 薄膜的制备及其特殊红外效应

周志有, 林建龙, 商淑静, 任洁, 孙世刚   

  1. 固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室, 厦门大学化学化工学院化学系, 福建厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2012-02-24 修回日期:2012-05-07 发布日期:2012-06-07
  • 通讯作者: 周志有 E-mail:zhouzy@xmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(21073152, 20933004, 20833005, 21021002)和福建省高校杰出青年科研人才培育计划(JA10003)资助项目

Preparation of Dendritic Pt Thin Films and Their Anomalous Infrared Effects

ZHOU Zhi-You, LIN Jian-Long, SHANG Shu-Jing, REN Jie, SUN Shi-Gang   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-02-24 Revised:2012-05-07 Published:2012-06-07
  • Contact: ZHOU Zhi-You E-mail:zhouzy@xmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21073152, 20933004, 20833005, 21021002) and Outstanding Young Scientific Talents Cultivation Plan of Colleges in Fujian Province, China (JA10003).

摘要:

采用方波电位, 在10×10-3 mol·L-1 K2PtCl6+3×10-4 mol·L-1 PbAc2+0.5 mol·L-1 HClO4溶液中, 于本体Pt 电极上电沉积制备出枝晶状Pt 薄膜. 随着沉积时间的增加, 枝晶长度逐渐由400 nm增加到900 nm, 且枝晶上的小晶粒(~10 nm大小)变得密集. 根据循环伏安(CV)曲线中氢吸脱附电量可得出Pt 薄膜具有中等粗糙度(Cr=9-36), 且电极表面的粗糙度随着沉积时间增加而增大. 观察到Pt 薄膜上吸附态CO的原位红外光谱具有明显的增强吸收效应, 当沉积时间为6 min 时所制得的枝晶Pt 电极的红外增强效应最大. CO呈现多种谱峰形状, 随着沉积时间的增加, 谱峰形状依次为左高右低的双极峰(类Fano 红外效应), 单极向下(表面增强红外吸收), 左高右低的双极峰, 单极向上(异常红外效应), 左低右高的双极峰和单极向下. 这表明纳米材料薄膜所呈现出的特殊红外性能, 与纳米材料的尺度和聚集状态等密切相关. 所制备的枝晶状Pt 薄膜有望为深入认识纳米材料的特殊红外性能提供一个良好的模型材料.

关键词: 原位傅里叶变换红外光谱, 枝晶Pt薄膜, 类Fano红外效应, 表面增强红外吸收, 异常红外效应

Abstract:

Dendritic Pt thin films are electrodeposited on bulk Pt electrodes in 10×10-3 mol·L-1 K2PtCl6+3× 10-4 mol·L-1 PbAc2 + 0.5 mol·L-1 HClO4 using square-wave potential pulses. As the deposition time increases, the length of the Pt dendrites increases from 400 to 900 nm, and the distribution density of Pt nanoparticles (~10 nm), which consist of coiled Pt dendrites, increases greatly. From hydrogen adsorption/ desorption obtained from cyclic voltammograms (CV), the surface of the dendritic Pt thin film electrodes has a relative roughness (Cr), which increases from 9 to 36 as the deposition time increases. Maximum enhanced IR absorption of adsorbed CO (COad) is observed at the deposition time of 6 min. Anomalous infrared effects for COad are also seen on the dendritic Pt thin film electrodes. The line shapes of COad change with increasing deposition time, in order: bipolar→downward→bipolar→upward→bipolar→ downward bands. Fano-like infrared effects (bipolar), surface enhanced IR absorption (enhanced downward band), and abnormal IR effects (enhanced upward band) are highly dependent on the surface architecture of the nanostructures. The as-prepared dendritic Pt thin films provide model substrates for in-depth studies of the anomalous infrared effects of COad in metal nanostructures.

Key words: In situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Dendritic Pt thin film, Fano-like infrared effect, Surface enhanced IR absorption, Abnormal IR effect

MSC2000: 

  • O647