Please wait a minute...
物理化学学报  2016, Vol. 32 Issue (5): 1087-1104    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201602224
综述     
金属氧化物异质结气体传感器气敏增强机理
唐伟, 王兢
大连理工大学电子科学与技术学院, 辽宁大连 116023
Enhanced Gas Sensing Mechanisms of Metal Oxide Heterojunction Gas Sensors
TANG Wei, WANG Jing
School of Electronic Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
 全文: PDF(4226 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS) |
摘要:

金属氧化物异质结由于费米能级效应、不同组分之间的协同作用,常被用来提高电阻型金属氧化物半导体气体传感器的气敏特性。本文简述了近年来国内外金属氧化物异质结材料的类别,主要分为混合氧化物结构、层状结构、第二相粒子修饰结构、一维纳米结构和核-壳结构;重点综述了金属氧化物异质结的气敏增强机理,包括异质结效应、协同效应、催化溢流效应、响应反型、载流子分离及微结构调控六大机理;分析了当前异质结气体传感器面临的瓶颈。最后对纳米异质结气体传感器的发展进行了展望,今后金属氧化物异质结气体传感器可以从明确异质结界面机理展开,这将为自下而上地设计出符合实际需要的气体传感器提供一定参考。

关键词: 金属氧化物异质结协同效应溢流效应响应反型载流子分离微结构调控    
Abstract:

The metal oxide heterojunction has often been used to improve the gas sensing properties of resistive metal oxide semiconductor gas sensors. Metal oxide heterojunctions have been demonstrated to have many unique properties such as Fermi-level mediated charge transfer effects as well as synergistic behavior of different components. In this short review, we summarize the fundamental types of metal oxide heterojunction materials reported in domestic and foreign research in recent years. Metal oxide heterojunctions are mainly divided into five categories of mixed composite structures, multi-layer films, structure modified with a second phase, 1D nanostructure and core-shell structure. We review the enhanced gas sensing mechanisms of metal oxide heterojunctions. These mechanisms are discussed in detail, including the role of the heterojunction, synergistic effects, the spill-over effect, response-type inversion, separation of charge carriers, and microstructure manipulation. We also analyze the remaining challenges of metal oxide heterojunction gas sensors. Finally, we provide an outlook for future development of metal oxide heterojunction gas sensors. The future research directions of metal oxide heterojunction gas sensors can be developed from the definition of heterojunction interface mechanisms. It is hoped that determining the heterojunction interface mechanisms will provide some reference for the design of needed gas sensors in a bottom-up route.

Key words: Metal oxide heterojunction    Synergistic effect    Spill-over effect    Response type inversion    Separation of charge carrier    Microstructure manipulation
收稿日期: 2015-11-16 出版日期: 2016-02-22
中图分类号:  O649  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金(61574025,61131004)资助项目

通讯作者: 王兢     E-mail: wangjing@dlut.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
唐伟
王兢

引用本文:

唐伟, 王兢. 金属氧化物异质结气体传感器气敏增强机理[J]. 物理化学学报, 2016, 32(5): 1087-1104.

TANG Wei, WANG Jing. Enhanced Gas Sensing Mechanisms of Metal Oxide Heterojunction Gas Sensors. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2016, 32(5): 1087-1104.

链接本文:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/CN/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201602224        http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/CN/Y2016/V32/I5/1087

(1) Wang, X.W. Principle and Application of Sensor; BeihangUniversity Press: Beijing, 2004; pp 2-25. [王雪文. 传感器原理及应用. 北京: 北京航空航天大学出版社, 2004: 2-25.]
(2) Lee, S. C.; Hwang, B.W.; Kim, S. Y.; An, J. H.; Jung, S. Y.; Huh, J. S.; Lee, D. D.; Kim, J. C. J. Nanoelectron. Optoe. 2015, 10. doi: 10.1166/jno.2015.1782
(3) Zhao, H. J.; Hou, H. T.; Cao, J. M.; Zheng, M. B.; Liu, J. S.; Zhang, F. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2007, 23 (6), 959. [赵海军, 候海涛, 曹洁明, 郑明波, 刘劲松, 张防. 物理化学学报, 2007, 23 (6), 959.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20070633
(4) Hu, R. J.; Wang, J.; Zhu, H. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31(10), 1997. [胡瑞金, 王兢, 朱慧超. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31(10), 1997.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201508241
(5) Kumar, R.; Kumar, G.; Al-Dossary, O.; Umar, A. Mater. Express 2015, 5 (1), 3. doi: 10.1166/mex.2015.1204
(6) Hu, H. T.; He, T. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31 (7), 1421. [胡海峰, 贺涛. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31 (7), 1421.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201504221
(7) Feng, Q. X.; Yu, P.; Wang, J.; Li, X. G. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31 (12), 2405. [冯秋霞, 于鹏, 王兢, 李晓干. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31 (12), 2405.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201510261
(8) Li, P.; Fan, H. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 2015, 29, 83. doi: 10.1016/j.mssp.2013.09.026
(9) Chen, P. P.; Wang, J.; Zhang, C. L.; Hao, Y.W.; Du, H. Y. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2013, 29 (8), 1827. [陈鹏鹏, 王兢, 张春丽, 郝育闻, 杜海英. 物理化学学报, 2013, 29 (8), 1827.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201306091
(10) Yang, X.; Salles, V.; Kaneti, Y. V.; Liu, M.; Maillard, M.; Journet, C.; Jiang, X.; Brioude, A. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 220, 1112. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2015.05.121
(11) Poulomi, R.; Steffen, B.; Patrik, S. Angew. Chem. 2011, 50 (13), 2904. doi: 10.1002/anie.201001374
(12) Huang, K. J.; Yan, L.; Xie, C. S. Appl. Mecha. Mater. 2010, 29-32, 596. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.29-32.596
(13) Rezlescu, N.; Doroftei, C.; Rezlescu, E.; Craus, M. L. Rom. Rep. Phys. 2008, 60 (4), 1041.
(14) Chen, J.; Xu, L.; Li, W.; Gou, X. Adv. Mater. 2005, 17 (5), 582.doi: 10.1002/adma.200401101
(15) Yang, C.; Xiao, F.; Wang, J.; Su, X. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 207, 177. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.10.063
(16) Li, H. C. Appl. Mecha. Mater. 2013, 303-306, 42. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.303-306.42
(17) Li, P.; Yu, P.; Xiao, D. Q. Funct. Mater. 1999, 30 (2), 56. [李平, 余萍, 肖定全. 功能材料, 1999, 30 (2), 56.]
(18) Feng, Z. Y. Preparation, Structure and Properties of α-Fe2O3 Based Gas Sensors. Master Dissertation, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, 2001. [冯祖勇. α-Fe2O3 基气敏纳米材料的制备及其结构、性能的研究[D] . 福州: 福州大学, 2001.]
(19) Hoffman, R. L.; Norris, B. J.; Wager, J. F. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2003, 82 (5), 733. doi: 10.1063/1.1542677
(20) Yang, J. H.; Hou, H.; Wang, L.; Liu, F. Chin. J. Sens. Actuators 2002, 15 (3), 197. [杨建华, 侯宏, 王磊, 刘福. 传感技术学报, 2002, 15 (3), 197.]
(21) Wei, C. H. A Qualitative Analysis and Quantitative Estimationof the Mixed Gas Based on the Electronic Nose System. MasterDissertation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 2012. [韦彩虹. 基于电子鼻系统的混合气体的定性分析和定量估计[D] . 杭州: 浙江大学, 2012.]
(22) Chen, W.; 2016-5-4Li, Q.; Xu, L.; Zeng, W. J. Nanosci. Nanotechno. 2015, 15, 1245. doi: 10.1166/jnn.2015.9061
(23) Patil, D. R.; Patil, L. A. Talanta 2009, 77 (4), 1409. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2008.09.038
(24) Moon, W. J.; Yu, J. H.; Choi, G. M. J. Electroceram. 2004, 13(1-3), 707. doi: 10.1007/s10832-004-5180-1
(25) Yu, Q.; Zhu, J.; Xu, Z.; Huang, X. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 213, 27. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2015.01.130
(26) Katoch, A.; Choi, S.W.; Kim, J. H.; Lee, J. H.; Lee, J. S.; Sang, S. K. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 214, 111.
(27) Kim, S.; Park, S.; Sun, G. J.; Hyun, S. K.; Kim, K. K.; Lee, C.Curr. Appl. Phys. 2015, 15 (8), 947. doi: 10.1016/j.cap.2015.05.005
(28) Park, S.; Kim, S.; Sun, G. J.; Lee, C. Thin Solid Films 2015, 591, 341. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2015.04.045
(29) Yu, L. S. Semiconductor Heterojunction Physics; Science Press: Beijing, 1990; pp 200-240. [虞丽生. 半导体异质结物理. 北京: 科学出版社, 1990: 200-240.]
(30) Kusior, A.; Radecka, M.; Rekas, M.; Lubecka, M.; Zakrzewska, K.; Reszka, A.; Kowalski, B. J. Procedia Engineering 2012, 47, 1073. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.09.336
(31) Chen, A.; Bai, S.; Shi, B.; Liu, Z.; Li, D.; Liu, C. C. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2008, 135 (1), 7. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2008.06.050
(32) Tang, W.; Wang, J.; Qiao, Q.; Liu, Z. H.; Li, X. G. J. Mater. Sci. 2015, 50 (6), 2605. doi: 10.1007/s10853-015-8836-0
(33) Tang, W.; Wang, J.; Yao, P.; Li, X. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2014, 192, 543. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.11.003
(34) Yu, X.; Zhang, G.; Cao, H.; An, X.; Wang, Y.; Shu, Z.; An, X.; Hua, F. New J. Chem. 2012, 36 (12), 2593. doi: 10.1039/C2NJ40770A
(35) Sun-Woo, C.; Jae Young, P.; Sang Sub, K. Nanotechnology 2009, 20 (46), 465603. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/20/46/465603
(36) Wang, L.; Kang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Zhu, B.; Zhang, S.; Huang, W.; Wang, S. Mater. Sci. Eng., C 2012, 32 (7), 2079. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2012.05.042
(37) Liu, Y.; Zhu, G.; Chen, J.; Xu, H.; Shen, X.; Yuan, A. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2013, 265 379. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.11.016
(38) Wang, W.; Li, Z.; Zheng, W.; Huang, H.; Wang, C.; Sun, J. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2010, 143 (2), 754. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2009.10.016
(39) Zeng, Y.; Bing, Y. F.; Liu, C.; Zheng, W. T.; Zou, G. T. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 2012, 22 (10), 2451. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61484-2
(40) Rumyantseva, M.; Kovalenko, V.; Gaskov, A.; Makshina, E.; Yuschenko, V.; Ivanova, I.; Ponzoni, A.; Faglia, G.; Comini, E.Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2006, 118 (1-2), 208. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2006.04.024
(41) de Lacy Costello, B. P. J.; Ewen, R. J.; Ratcliffe, N. M.; Sivanand, P. S. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2003, 92 (1-2), 159.doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00258-2
(42) Chen, A.; Huang, X.; Tong, Z.; Bai, S.; Luo, R.; Liu, C. C. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2006, 115 (1), 316. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2005.09.015
(43) Liangyuan, C.; Shouli, B.; Guojun, Z.; Dianqing, L.; Aifan, C.; Liu, C. C. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2008, 134 (2), 360.
(44) Xiao, L.; Shu, S.; Liu, S. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 221, 120. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2015.06.099
(45) Bagal, L. K.; Patil, J. Y.; Vaishampayan, M. V.; Mulla, I. S.; Suryavanshi, S. S. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 207, 383. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.10.021
(46) Choi, J. K.; Hwang, I. S.; Kim, S. J.; Park, J. S.; Park, S. S.; Jeong, U.; Kang, Y. C.; Lee, J. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2010, 150 (1), 191. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2010.07.013
(47) Ivanov, P.; Llobet, E.; Vilanova, X.; Brezmes, J.; Hubalek, J.; Correig, X. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2004, 99 (2), 201.doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2003.11.012
(48) Yamazoe, N.; Sakai, G.; Shimanoe, K. Catal. Surv. Asia 2003, 7(1), 63. doi: 10.1023/A: 1023436725457
(49) Yamazoe, N. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 1991, 5 (91), 7.doi: 10.1016/0925-4005(91)80213-4
(50) Sakai, G.; Matsunaga, N.; Shimanoe, K.; Yamazoe, N. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2001, 80 (2), 125. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00890-5
(51) de Lacy Costello, B. P. J.; Ewen, R. J.; Jones, P. R. H.; Ratcliffe, N. M.; Wat, R. K. M. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 1999, 61 (1-3), 199. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(99)00309-3
(52) de Lacy Costello, B. P. J.; Ewen, R. J.; Guernion, N.; Ratcliffe, N. M. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2002, 87 (1), 207. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(02)00220-4
(53) Shaposhnik, D.; Pavelko, R.; Llobet, E.; Gispert-Guirado, F.; Vilanova, X. Procedia Engineering 2011, 25, 1133. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.12.279
(54) Lyson-Sypien, B.; Czapla, A.; Lubecka, M.; Kusior, E.; Zakrzewska, K.; Radecka, M.; Kusior, A.; Balogh, A. G.; Lauterbach, S.; Kleebe, H. J. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2013, 187, 445. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.01.047
(55) Kim, K.W.; Cho, P. S.; Kim, S. J.; Lee, J. H.; Kang, C. Y.; Kim, J. S.; Yoon, S. J. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2007, 123 (1), 318.doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2006.08.028
(56) Ivanovskaya, M.; Kotsikau, D.; Faglia, G.; Nelli, P. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2003, 96 (3), 498. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00624-5
(57) Dandeneau, C. S.; Jeon, Y. H.; Shelton, C. T.; Plant, T. K.; Cann, D. P.; Gibbons, B. J. Thin Solid Films 2009, 517 (15), 4448. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2009.01.054
(58) Vasiliev, R. B.; Rumyantseva, M. N.; Podguzova, S. E.; Ryzhikov, A. S.; Ryabova, L. I.; Gaskov, A. M. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 1999, 57 (3), 241. doi: 10.1016/S0921-5107(98)00432-2
(59) Kosc, I.; Hotovy, I.; Rehacek, V.; Griesseler, R.; Predanocy, M.; Wilke, M.; Spiess, L. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2013, 269, 110. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.09.061
(60) Cui, G.; Gao, L.; Yao, B.; Wang, S.; Zhang, P.; Zhang, M.Electrochem. Commun. 2013, 30, 42. doi: 10.1016/j.elecom.2013.02.003
(61) Li, X. Q.; Fan, Q. F.; Li, G. L.; Huang, Y. H.; Gao, Z.; Fan, X.M.; Zhang, C. L.; Zhou, Z.W. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31(4), 783. [李湘奇, 范庆飞, 李广立, 黄瑶翰, 高照, 范希梅, 张朝良, 周祚万. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31 (4), 783.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201502062
(62) Zhang, J. F.; Wang, Y.; Shen, T. K.; Shu, X.; Cui, J.W.; Chen, Z.; Wu, Y. C. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2014, 30 (8), 1535. [张剑芳, 王岩, 沈天阔, 舒霞, 崔接武, 陈忠, 吴玉程. 物理化学学报, 2014, 30 (8), 1535.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201405221
(63) Shaislamov, U.; Yang, B. L. J. Mater. Res. 2013, 28 (3), 418.doi: 10.1557/jmr.2012.373
(64) Kim, H. R.; Haensch, A.; Kim, I. D.; Barsan, N.; Weimar, U.; Lee, J. H. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2011, 21 (23), 4456. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201101154
(65) Lou, Z.; Deng, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, L.; Fei, T.; Zhang, T. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2013, 176, 323. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2012.09.027
(66) Shuang, X. U.; Yang, Y.; Hong-Yuan, W. U.; Jiang, C.; Jing, L.Q.; Shi, K. Y. J. Inorg. Mater. 2013, 28 (6), 584.
(67) Saito, S.; Miyayama, M.; Koumoto, K.; Yanagida, H. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2006, 68 (1), 40.
(68) Liu, C.; Kuang, Q.; Xie, Z. X.; Zheng, L. S. Cryst Eng Comm 2015, 17, 6308. doi: 10.1039/C5CE01162K
(69) Basu, S.; Basu, P. K. J. Sensors 2009, 29 (12), 777. doi: 10.1155/2009/861968
(70) Arafat, M. M.; Dinan, B.; Akbar, S. A.; Haseeb, A. S. M. A.Sensors 2012, 12 (6), 7207. doi: 10.1002/chin.201350224
(71) Korotcenkov, G. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2005, 107 (1), 209.doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2004.10.006
(72) Kwak, C. H.; Woo, H. S.; Lee, J. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2014, 204, 231. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.07.084
(73) Kaneti, Y. V.; Zakaria, Q. M. D.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, C.; Yue, J.; Liu, M.; Jiang, X.; Yu, A. J. Mater. Chem. A 2014, 2 (33), 13283. doi: 10.1039/C4TA01837K
(74) Choi, S.W.; Katoch, A.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. S. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2014, 6 (20), 17723. doi: 10.1021/am504164j
(75) Shao, F.; Hoffmann, M.W. G.; Prades, J. D.; Zamani, R.; Arbiol, J.; Morante, J. R.; Varechkina, E.; Rumyantseva, M.; Gaskov, A.; Giebelhaus, I.; Fischer, T.; Mathur, S.Hernández-Ramírez, F. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2013, 181, 130. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.01.067
(76) Sen, S.; Kanitkar, P.; Sharma, A.; Muthe, K. P.; Rath, A.; Deshpande, S. K.; Kaur, M.; Aiyer, R. C.; Gupta, S. K.; Yakhmi, J. V. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2010, 147 (2), 453. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2010.04.016
(77) Deng, J.; Yu, B.; Lou, Z.; Wang, L.; Wang, R.; Zhang, T. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2013, 184, 21. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.04.020
(78) Lou, Z.; Li, F.; Deng, J.; Wang, L.; Zhang, T. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2013, 5 (23), 12310. doi: 10.1021/am402532v
(79) Her, Y. C.; Yeh, B. Y.; Huang, S. L. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2014, 6 (12), 9150. doi: 10.1021/am5012518
(80) Park, S.; Ko, H.; Kim, S.; Lee, C. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2014, 6 (12), 9595. doi: 10.1021/am501975v
(81) Chen, Y. J.; Xiao, G.; Wang, T. S.; Zhang, F.; Ma, Y.; Gao, P.; Zhu, C. L.; Zhang, E.; Xu, Z.; Li, Q. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2011, 155 (1), 270. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2010.12.034
(82) Zang, W.; Nie, Y.; Zhu, D.; Deng, P.; Xing, L.; Xue, X. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (17), 9209. doi: 10.1021/jp500516t
(83) Xu, L.; Zheng, R.; Liu, S.; Song, J.; Chen, J.; Dong, B.; Song, H. Inorg. Chem. 2012, 51 (14), 7733. doi: 10.1021/ic300749a
(84) Zhu, C. L.; Yu, H. L.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, T. S.; Ouyang, Q. Y.; Qi, L. H.; Chen, Y. J.; Xue, X. Y. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2012, 4(2), 665. doi: 10.1021/am201689x
(85) Liang, X.; Kim, T. H.; Yoon, J.W.; Kwak, C. H.; Lee, J. H.Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 209, 934. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.11.130
(86) Tang, W.; Wang, J. J. Mater. Sci. 2015, 50 (12), 4209. doi: 10.1007/s10853-015-8972-6
(87) Park, J. A.; Moon, J.; Lee, S. J.; Kim, S. H.; Chu, H. Y.; Zyung, T. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2010, 145 (1), 592. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2009.11.023
(88) Tang, W.; Wang, J.; Yao, P.; Li, X. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2014, 192 543. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.11.003
(89) Park, J. Y.; Choi, S.W.; Lee, J.W.; Lee, C.; Kim, S. S. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2009, 92 (11), 2551. doi: 10.1111/jace.2009.92.issue-11
(90) Tang, W.; Wang, J.; Yao, P. J.; Du, H. Y.; Sun, Y. H. Acta Phys.-Chim. Sin. 2014, 30 (4), 781. [唐伟, 王兢, 姚朋军, 杜海英, 孙炎辉. 物理化学学报, 2014, 30 (4), 781.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201402191
(91) Zhu, C. L.; Zhang, M. L.; Qiao, Y. J.; Xiao, G.; Zhang, F.; Chen, Y. J. J. Phys. Chem. C 2010, 114 (39), 16229.
(92) Chen, Y. J.; Xiao, G.; Wang, T. S.; Zhang, F.; Ma, Y.; Gao, P.; Zhu, C. L.; Zhang, E.; Xu, Z.; Li, Q. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2011, 156 (2), 867. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2011.02.057
(93) Mashock, M.; Yu, K.; Cui, S.; Mao, S.; Lu, G.; Chen, J. AC. Appl. Mater. Inter. 2012, 4 (8), 4192. doi: 10.1021/am300911z
(94) Choi, S.W.; Katoch, A.; Sun, G. J.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, S. S. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2014, 6 (11), 8281. doi: 10.1021/am501107c
(95) Na, C.W.; Woo, H. S.; Kim, I. D.; Lee, J. H. Chem. Commum. 2011, 47 (18), 5148. doi: 10.1039/c0cc05256f
(96) Hyung-Sik, W.; ChanWoong, N.; Il-Doo, K.; Jong-Heun, L.Nanotechnology 2012, 23 (24), 245501. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/24/245501
(97) Chen, Y. J.; Zhu, C. L.; Shi, X. L.; Cao, M. S.; Jin, H. B.Nanotechnology 2008, 19 (20), 205603. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/19/20/205603
(98) Li, T.; Zeng, W.; Wang, Z. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 221, 1570. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2015.08.003
(99) VanderWal, R.; Berger, G.; Kulis, M.; Hunter, G.; Xu, J.; Evans, L. Sensors 2009, 9 (10), 7866. doi: 10.3390/s91007866
(100) Zhang, J.; Liu, X.; Wang, L.; Yang, T.; Guo, X.; Wu, S.; Wang, S.; Zhang, S. Nanotechnology 2011, 22 (18), 185501. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/18/185501
(101) Sun, Z.; Zussman, E.; Yarin, A. L.; Wendorff, J. H.; Greiner, A.Adv. Mater. 2003, 15 (22), 1929. doi: 10.1002/adma.200305136
(102) Huang, H.; Gong, H.; Chow, C. L.; Guo, J.; White, T. J.; Tse, M. S.; Tan, O. K. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2011, 21 (14), 2680.doi: 10.1002/adfm.201002115
(103) Kuang, Q.; Lao, C. S.; Li, Z.; Liu, Y. Z.; Xie, Z. X.; Zheng, L.S.; Wang, Z. L. J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112 (30), 11539.doi: 10.1021/jp802880c
(104) Chen, Y. J.; Zhu, C. L.; Wang, L. J.; Gao, P.; Cao, M. S.; Shi, X. L. Nanotechnology 2009, (4), 045502.
(105) Choi, S.W.; Katoch, A.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. S. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2014, 6 (20), 17723. doi: 10.1021/am504164j
(106) Wang, Z.; Li, Z.; Sun, J.; Zhang, H.; Wang, W.; Zheng, W.; Wang, C. J. Phys. Chem. C 2010, 114 (13), 6100. doi: 10.1021/jp9100202
(107) Leach, C.; Ling, Z.; Freer, R. Scripta Mater. 2000, 42 (11), 1083. doi: 10.1016/S1359-6462(00)00343-2
(108) Li, P.; Fan, H.; Cai, Y. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2013, 185, 110.doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.05.010
(109) Jain, K.; Pant, R. P.; Lakshmikumar, S. T. Sens. Actuator BChem. 2006, 113 (2), 823. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2005.03.104
(110) Katoch, A.; Kim, J. H.; Sang, S. K. J. Sensors 2015, 2015, 1.
(111) Hae-Ryong, K.; Kwon-Il, C.; Kang-Min, K.; Il-Doo, K.; Guozhong, C.; Jong-Heun, L. Chem. Commum. 2010, 46 (28), 5061. doi: 10.1039/c0cc00213e
(112) Zeng, W.; Liu, T.; Wang, Z. Physica E 2010, 43 (2), 633.doi: 10.1016/j.physe.2010.10.010
(113) Guo, Z.; Chen, G.; Zeng, G.; Liu, L.; Zhang, C. RSC Advances 2015, 5 (67), 54793. doi: 10.1039/C5RA10394K
(114) Wang, Y.; Qu, F.; Liu, J.; Wang, Y.; Zhou, J.; Ruan, S. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2015, 209, 515. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.12.010
(115) Miller, D. R.; Akbar, S. A.; Morris, P. A. Sens. Actuator BChem. 2014, 204 250. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.07.074
(116) Ivanovskaya, M.; Kotsikau, D.; Faglia, G.; Nelli, P.; Irkaev, S.Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2003, 93 (03), 422. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00175-8
(117) Montmeat, P.; Marchand, J. C.; Lalauze, R.; Viricelle, J. P.; Tournier, G.; Pijolat, C. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2003, 95(1-3), 83. doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00410-6
(118) Verma, M. K.; Gupta, V. J. Exp. Nanosci. 2013, 8 (3), 326. doi: 10.1080/17458080.2012.680930
(119) Chowdhuri, A.; Gupta, V.; Sreenivas, K.; Kumar, R.; Mozumdar, S.; Patanjali, P. K. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2004, 84 (7), 1180. doi: 10.1063/1.1646760
(120) Kim, S. J.; Chan, W. N.; Hwang, I. S.; Lee, J. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2012, 168 (7), 83. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2012.01.045
(121) Sang Sub, K.; Han, G. N.; Sun-Woo, C.; Dong Sub, K.; HyounWoo, K. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 2012, 45 (20), 205301. doi: 10.1088/0022-3727/45/201205301
(122) Wang, C.; Yin, L.; Zhang, L.; Xiang, D.; Gao, R. Sensors 2010, 10 (3), 2088. doi: 10.3390/s100302088
(123) Zhang, M. L.; Song, J. P.; Yuan, Z. H.; Zheng, C. Curr. Appl. Phys. 2012, 12 (3), 678. doi: 10.1016/j.cap.2011.10.004
(124) Korotcenkov, G. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 2007, 139 (1), 1. doi: 10.1016/j.mseb.2007.01.044
(125) Vinodgopal, K.; Kamat, P. V.; Vinodgopal, K. Sol. Energ. Mater. Sol. Cells 1995, 38 (1), 401. doi: 10.1016/0927-0248(94)00232-0
(126) Akurati, K. K.; Vital, A.; Hany, R.; Bommer, B.; Graule, T.; Winterer, M. Int. J. Photoenergy 2005, 7 (4), 153.doi: 10.1155/S1110662X05000231
(127) Martínez, A. I.; Acosta, D. R.; Cedillo, G. Thin Solid Films 2005, 490 (2), 118. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2005.04.060
(128) Zakrzewska, K.; Radecka, M. Thin Solid Films 2007, 515 (23), 8332. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2007.03.019
(129) Barreca, D.; Comini, E.; Ferrucci, A. P.; Gasparotto, A.; Maccato, C.; Maragno, C.; Sberveglieri, G.; Tondello, E.Chem. Mater. 2007, 19 (23), 5642. doi: 10.1021/cm701990f
(130) Sun, Y. F.; Liu, S. B.; Meng, F. L.; Liu, J. Y.; Jin, Z.; Kong, L.T.; Liu, J. H. Sensors 2012, 12 (3), 2610. doi: 10.3390/s120302610
(131) Arafat, M. M.; Dinan, B.; Akbar, S. A.; Haseeb, A. S. Sensors 2012, 12 (6), 7207. doi: 10.1002/chin.201350224
(132) Kumar, R.; Al-Dossary, O.; Kumar, G.; Umar, A. Nano-Micr. Lett. 2015, 7 (02), 97. doi: 10.1007/s40820-014-0023-3
(133) Chougule, M. A.; Sen, S.; Patil, V. B. Ceram. Int. 2012, 38 (4), 2685. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2011.11.036
(134) Liu, X. H. Synthesis, Regulation and Gas Sensing Properties ofMetalOxide Micro/nano Structures. Ph.D. Dissertation, NankaiUniversity, Tianjing, 2012. [刘相红. 金属氧化物微纳米结构的合成、调控及气敏性能研究[D] . 天津: 南开大学, 2012.]
(135) Wang, L.W. The Synthesis, Modification and Gas SensingProperties of Semiconductor Metal Oxide Nano Materials.Ph.D. Dissertation, Nankai University, Tianjing, 2014. [王丽伟. 半导体金属氧化物纳米材料的合成、改性与气敏性能研究[D] . 天津: 南开大学, 2014.]
(136) Brutchey, R. L.; Goldberger, J. E.; Koffas, T. S.; Tilley, T. D.Chem. Mater. 2003, 15 (5), 1040. doi: 10.1021/cm020653+
(137) Ohtsuki, C.; Miyazaki, T.; Tanihara, M. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 2002, 22 (1), 27. doi: 10.1016/S0928-4931(02)00109-1
(138) Semancik, S.; Cavicchi, R. E.; Wheeler, M. C.; Tiffany, J. E.; Poirier, G. E.; Walton, R. M.; Suehle, J. S.; Panchapakesan, B.; DeVoe, D. L. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2001, 77 (1-2), 579.doi: 10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00695-5
(139) Zheng, K. B.; Li, J. L.; Shen, H. T.; Sun, D. L.; Chen, G. R.Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2008, 24 (6), 1080. [郑凯波, 李静雷, 沈浩颋, 孙大林, 陈国荣. 物理化学学报, 2008, 24 (6), 1080.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080629
(140) Patil, D. R.; Patil, L. A. Talanta 2009, 77 (4), 1409. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2008.09.038
(141) Patil, D. R.; Patil, L. A.; Patil, P. P. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2007, 126 (2), 368. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2007.03.028
(142) Xing, L. L.; Yuan, S.; Chen, Z. H.; Chen, Y. J.; Xue, X. Y.Nanotechnology 2011, 22 (22), 225502. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/22/225502
(143) Khan, R.; Ra, H.W.; Kim, J. T.; Jang, W. S.; Sharma, D.; Im, Y. H. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2010, 150 (1), 389. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.052
(144) Peng, Y. C.; Chen, C. C.; Wu, H. C.; Lu, J. H. Opt. Mater. 2015, 39, 34. doi: 10.1016/j.optmat.2014.10.058
(145) Zhang, C. W.; Yan, S. S. J. Appl. Phys. 2009, 106 (6), 063709.doi: 10.1063/1.3224961
(146) Zhang, Y.; Tang, F. L.; Xue, H. T.; Lu, W. J.; Liu, J. F.; Huang, M. Physica E 2015, 66 (7), 342. doi: 10.1016/j.physe.2014.10.026
(147) Janotti, A.; Varley, J. B.; Rinke, P.; Umezawa, N.; Kresse, G.; Van deWalle, C. G. Phys. Rev. B 2010, 81 (8), 101.doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.085212
(148) Bouamra, F.; Boumeddiene, A.; Rérat, M.; Belkhir, H. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2013, 269 (4), 41. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.09.154
(149) Zhou, W.; Liu, L.; Yuan, M.; Song, Q.; Wu, P. Comput. Mater. Sci. 2012, 54 109. doi: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.10.028
(150) Zhang, K. C.; Liu, Y.; Li, Y. F.; Zhu, Y. J. Appl. Phys. 2013, 113 (5), 053713 doi: 10.1063/1.4790425
(151) Yuan, J. H.; Gao, B.; Wang, W.; Wang, J. B. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31 (7), 1302. [袁俊辉, 高博, 汪文, 王嘉赋. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31 (7), 1302.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201505081
(152) Das, S.; Jayaraman, V. Prog. Mater Sci. 2014, 66, 112. doi: 10.1016/j.pmatsci.2014.06.003
(153) Qi, Q.; Zhao, J.; Xuan, R. F.; Wang, P. P.; Feng, L. L.; Zhou, L.J.; Wang, D. J.; Li, G. D. Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 2014, 191, 659. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.10.035
(154) Du, H. Y.; Wang, J.; Qiao, Q.; Sun, Y. H.; Shao, Q.; Li, X. G.Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2015, 31 (4), 800. [杜海英, 王兢, 乔俏, 孙炎辉, 邵强, 李晓干. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31(4), 800.] doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201501283

[1] 莫周胜, 秦玉才, 张晓彤, 段林海, 宋丽娟. 环己烯对噻吩在CuY分子筛上吸附的影响机制[J]. 物理化学学报, 2017, 33(6): 1236-1241.
[2] 荆涛, 戴瑛. 固溶体光催化材料的研究进展[J]. 物理化学学报, 2017, 33(2): 295-304.
[3] 胡丽芳, 何杰, 刘媛, 赵芸蕾, 陈凯. TiO2-HNbMoO6复合材料的结构特征及其光催化性能[J]. 物理化学学报, 2016, 32(3): 737-744.
[4] 刘春梅, 张国英, 张欣, 许艳艳, 高东昭. {110}晶面取向Ag3PO4多面体的水热制备及可见光催化活性[J]. 物理化学学报, 2015, 31(10): 1939-1948.
[5] 张晨, 赵景茂. CO2体系中咪唑啉季铵盐与十二烷基磺酸钠之间的缓蚀协同效应[J]. 物理化学学报, 2014, 30(4): 677-685.
[6] 杨小芹, 刘雪景, 刘海雄, 岳晓明, 曹景沛, 周敏. 白松木屑半焦与褐煤共气化过程中的协同效应[J]. 物理化学学报, 2014, 30(10): 1794-1800.
[7] 胡艳, 方秋艳, 周剑章, 詹东平, 时康, 田中群, 田昭武. 光诱导约束刻蚀体系中羟基自由基生成的影响因素[J]. 物理化学学报, 2013, 29(11): 2392-2398.
[8] 王晓夏, 徐华龙, 沈伟, RUHLMANN Laurent, 秦枫, SORGUES Sébastien, COLBEAU-JUSTIN Christophe. 三元杂化TiO2-SiO2-POMs催化剂的合成及其在可见光降解罗丹明B中的应用[J]. 物理化学学报, 2013, 29(09): 1837-1841.
[9] 王宪中, 康万利, 孟祥灿, 范海明, 徐海, 黄经纬, 傅建斌, 张一诺. 高盐油藏下两性/阴离子表面活性剂协同获得油水超低界面张力[J]. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28(10): 2285-2290.
[10] 毕冬琴, 许宜铭. Fe2O3掺杂对WO3光催化降解有机染料X3B的影响[J]. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28(07): 1777-1782.
[11] 游毅, 邓永淑, 李二军, 裴晓梅, 赵剑曦. Gemini表面活性剂烷烃尾链在吸附和聚集过程中的疏水协同效应[J]. 物理化学学报, 2010, 26(08): 2200-2204.
[12] 姚国新, 施斌斌, 李国华, 郑遗凡. WC/天然沸石纳米复合材料的制备与电催化活性[J]. 物理化学学报, 2010, 26(05): 1317-1322.
[13] 游慧;赵波;王正武. 水溶液中表面活性剂月桂醇聚氧乙烯醚硫酸钠性能的介观模拟[J]. 物理化学学报, 2009, 25(01): 67-73.
[14] 林明桂;房克功;李德宝;孙予罕. Zn、Mn助剂对CuFe合成低碳醇催化剂的影响[J]. 物理化学学报, 2008, 24(05): 833-838.
[15] 吴进;杜琳;李桂英;梁斌勇;秦松;胡常伟 . 钛基RuOx-PdO电极光电降解活性艳红K-2BP的研究[J]. 物理化学学报, 2007, 23(02): 268-273.